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Cycle de vie, épargne individuelle et richesse des nations

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  • Franco Modigliani

Abstract

[fre] Cet article présente un panorama de théorie des déterminants de individuelle et nationale connue sous nom d'hypothèse du cycle de vie l'épargne. Des applications à problèmes de politique sont également discutées. La première partie fait un état des à la veille de la formulation de hypothèse, il y a une trentaine La seconde partie présente les fondements théoriques du modèle dans forme originelle et ses ultérieures, en soulignant implications, certaines qui sont au modèle et d'autres paradoxales. comprend également un rappel certain nombre de tests décisifs, tant au niveau qu'agrégé. La troisième partie passe revue des applications de du cycle de vie de l'épargne aux problèmes actuels de la politique [eng] This paper provides a review of the theory of the determinants of individual and national thrift that has come to be known as the life cycle hypothesis of saving. Applications to some current policy issues are also discussed. The first part deals with the state of the art on the eve of the formulation of the life cycle hypothesis some thirty years ago. The second part sets forth the theoretical foundations of the model in its original formulation an later amendment, calling attention to various implications, distinctive to it and, sometimes, counterintuitive. It also includes a review of a number of crucial empirical tests, both at the individual and the aggregate level. The third part reviews some applications of the life cycle hypothesis to current policy issues.

Suggested Citation

  • Franco Modigliani, 1986. "Cycle de vie, épargne individuelle et richesse des nations," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 1(2), pages 16-54.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1986_num_1_2_1116
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1986.1116
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    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/rfeco_0769-0479_1986_num_1_2_1116
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    Cited by:

    1. Jacques Le Cacheux, 2002. "Mondialisation économique et financière : de quelques poncifs, idées fausses et vérités," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(5), pages 19-46.
    2. Thierry Chauveau & Rahim Loufir, 1994. "Allongement de l'espérance de vie, croissance et retraites," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(1), pages 29-64.
    3. Françoise Charpin, 1988. "Le modèle de cycle de vie, une approche numérique," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 25(1), pages 173-198.
    4. Sandrine Cazes & Thierry Chauveau & Jacques Le Cacheux & Rahim Loufir, 1992. "Retraites et évolutions démographiques en France. Première partie : Le long terme," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 39(1), pages 93-149.
    5. Thierry Chauveau & Rahim Loufir, 1993. "Retraites et évolutions démographiques en France - Seconde partie : la transition," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 47(1), pages 117-160.

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