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Salaire réel et emploi


  • Patrick Artus


[fre] Salaire réel et emploi. . L'objet de cet article est l'évaluation des effets du salaire réel sur l'emploi en France à l'aide de divers modèles économétriques : simples équations de demande d'emploi ; modèles statistiques permettant de réaliser des tests de causalité ; fonctions de production autorisant le calcul de l'excès de salaire réel ; spirale prix-salaire afin de déterminer quel niveau de salaire réel est cohérent avec la stabilité des prix et de l'emploi ; modèles complets à prix fixes avec rationnements quantitatifs mesurant les probabilités conditionnelles des différents régimes (chômage classique ou keynésien, inflation réprimée,...) période par période. Dans tous les cas, l'effet obtenu des salaires réels sur l'emploi est très petit, alors que l'effet du prix des matières premières sur l'emploi ou de l'emploi sur les salaires semble beaucoup plus significatif. [eng] Real wages and employment . . The purpose of this article is to evaluate the effects of real wages on employment in France using varions econometric models : simple employment demand equations ; statistical time series models permitting to perform causality tests ; production functions, allowing the calculation of the real wage gap ; wage — priee spirals determining which real wage level is consistent with the stability of both priees and employment ; complete fix-price models with quantity rationing measuring the conditional probabilities of the various regimes (classical or keynesian unemployment, repressed inflation, ...) period by period. In all cases, the effect of real wages on employment was found quite small, while the effect of raw material priees on employment or the effect of employment on wages seems to be much more significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Artus, 1987. "Salaire réel et emploi," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 38(3), pages 625-660.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1987_num_38_3_408992

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Marston, Richard C. & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 1985. "Macroeconomic stabilization through taxation and indexation: The use of firm-specific information," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 375-395, November.
    2. Neftci, Salih N, 1978. "A Time-Series Analysis of the Real Wages-Employment Relationship," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(2), pages 281-291, April.
    3. Geary, Patrick T & Kennan, John, 1982. "The Employment-Real Wage Relationship: An International Study," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(4), pages 854-871, August.
    4. Nickell, Stephen, 1982. "Wages and Unemployment: A General Framework," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(365), pages 51-55, March.
    5. Symons, J & Layard, R, 1984. "Neoclassical Demand for Labour Functions for Six Major Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 94(376), pages 788-799, December.
    6. Jacques R. Artus, 1984. "An Empirical Evaluation of the Disequilibrium Real Wage Rate Hypothesis," NBER Working Papers 1404, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Franz, Wolfgang, 1983. "The past decade's natural rate and the dynamics of german unemployment: A case against demand policy?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(1-2), pages 51-76.
    8. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1983. "Real Wages and Unemployment in the OECD Countries," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 14(1), pages 255-304.
    9. Jacques Le Cacheux & Daniel Szpiro, 1984. "Part salariale et emploi," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 8(1), pages 121-140.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eric Bleuze & Michel Gilles & Thierry Pujol, 1988. "La libération des prix des services : une solution pour l'emploi ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 24(1), pages 81-102.
    2. Pierre Joly, 1990. "Degrés d'utilisation des facteurs de production : impact sur les équilibres économiques," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 231(1), pages 89-104.

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