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La théorie du salaire de Marx : une critique hétérodoxe

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  • Michel De Vroey

Abstract

[eng] Marx's theory of waces :. An heterodox criticism. Michel De Vroey. The aim of this article if, to question Marx's project of integrating the wage-relationship into general equilibrium. In a first part, I examine the theoretical status of the notion of labour power and argue that it should be considered as a particular natural ressource rather than a particular commodity, as it is usually assumed in the Marxian tradition. The second part of the article is devoted to the study of the impact of this definitional change. The question to be answered is the following : under which conditions is one allowed to conceive of an equilibrium wage ? It is argued that these conditions are definetely not satisfied in the fordist stage of development of the wage relationship. [fre] L'objectif de cet article est de remettre en cause le projet de Marx d'intégrer le salaire dans la logique d'équivalence. Dans une première partie, nous nous interrogeons sur le statut théorique de la force de travail. Nous récusons la classification marxiste traditionnelle selon laquelle la force de travail serait une marchandise particulière et affirmons qu'elle doit plutôt être vue comme une ressource naturelle particulière. Dans une seconde partie, nous étudions l'impact de ce glissement définitionnel et tâchons de répondre à la question : à quelles conditions est-il possible de parler d'un salaire d'équilibre ? Nous défendons la thèse que l'image du salaire découlant des exigences de cohérence logique n'est pas pertinente pour saisir le salaire tel qu'il se présente dans le stade fordiste contemporain.

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  • Michel De Vroey, 1985. "La théorie du salaire de Marx : une critique hétérodoxe," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 36(3), pages 451-480.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1985_num_36_3_408851
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1985.408851
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bernard Masson & Antoine Rebeyrol, 1979. "Force de travail et salaire dans quelques textes de Marx," Cahiers d'Économie Politique, Programme National Persée, vol. 5(1), pages 187-196.
    2. Duncan K. Foley, 1982. "The Value of Money the Value of Labor Power and the Marxian Transformation Problem," Review of Radical Political Economics, Union for Radical Political Economics, vol. 14(2), pages 37-47, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michel De Vroey, 1987. "La possibilité d'une économie décentralisée. Esquisse d'une alternative à la théorie de l'équilibre général," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 38(4), pages 773-806.
    2. Edouard Poulain, 1992. "Marx et l'économie des conventions," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 43(3), pages 519-531.
    3. Nicolas Piluso, 2013. "Keynes et les synthèses néoclassico-keynésiennes : les raisons d’un divorce analytique," Post-Print hal-01399164, HAL.
    4. Richard Sobel, 2009. "La définition de la force de travail, pièce manquante de la Théorie de la Régulation ?," Post-Print halshs-00819863, HAL.

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