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Les politiques agricoles et rurales dans les régions: une nouvelle organisation des pouvoirs publics en Europe?

Listed author(s):
  • Daniel Perraud
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    [fre] La régionalisation des États membres se combine avec l'intégration européenne pour conduire au développement de nouvelles formes de "gouvernance multi-niveaux". Dans le domaine des politiques agricoles et rurales, l'article analyse les nouvelles formes de relations entre l'UE et les politiques régionales, et les perspectives qui en résultent pour dessiner des politiques agricoles et rurales de type "Europe-régions". L'intégration communautaire et les politiques régionales autonomes ont été étroitement associées à travers les évolutions de la PAC et les programmes de développement rural (fonds structurels) fondés sur les normes et le financement communautaires, avec pour résultat un soutien réciproque des deux niveaux politiques accompagné d'un retrait du rôle traditionnel de l'État. Mais ce processus n'est pas un mouvement permanent des institutions vers une "modernisation" fonctionnelle et nécessaire, pour plusieurs raisons: des risques de problèmes de cohésion; l'absence de corrélation entre la créativité politique des régions et leur autonomie politique; des difficultés croissantes à définir et à défendre des politiques nationales dans les États membres les plus décentralisés. [eng] A new organisation of public policies in Europe? The agricultural and rural policies in regions - A growing régionalisation of the EU member states combines with the European integration process to develop new forms of "multi-level governance ". In the field of agricultural and rural policies, the article analyses the new patterns of the relation between EU and regions policies, and consequently the possible prospects of Europe-regions driven agricultural and rural policies. EU integration and regions autonomous policies have been closely related through changes in the CAP and rural development programmes (structural funds) based on European norms and subsidies, which results in both policy levels supporting each other with a decrease in the traditional role of central state. But this process cannot be simply analysed as a continuous move of institutions towards a functional and necessary "modernisation ", for several reasons: risks of cohesion problems; a lack of correlation between regional policy creativity and political autonomy; growing difficulties in defining and defending national policies in the most decentralised member states.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 261 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 7-22

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_261_1_5215
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5215
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    1. Daniel Perraud, 1995. "PAC, États, régions : l'articulation des niveaux de politique agricole dans l'UE," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 227(1), pages 2-10.
    2. Hélène Delorme & Daniel Perraud & Annie Bonnet, 1994. "De la convergence communautaire à la cohésion des politiques nationales : le financement des politiques socio-structurelles dans la CEE," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 220(1), pages 197-202.
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