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Les ambiguïtés de la multifonctionnalité de l'agriculture

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  • Daniel Perraud

Abstract

[fre] Les perspectives ouvertes par la notion de multifonctionnalité de l'agriculture (MFA) tiennent aux incertitudes de sa position dans le débat scientifique et politique. L'article explore différents aspects de cette ambiguïté. Il souligne la place chronologique de la MFA dans un processus de transformation doctrinale et politique, comme une notion rassemblant différents axes de transformation des politiques agricoles. Il montre l'ambiguïté, voire les contradictions des définitions possibles de la notion, avec leurs conséquences politiques. Il esquisse un panorama des versions spécifiques de la MFA dans les Etats et les régions. Enfin, il montre l'incertitude fondamentale des perspectives qu'elle ouvre, entre un mouvement de régression sectorielle et un nouveau paradigme de développement. [eng] Ambiguities of the mul tifunctionality of agriculture - The prospects coming along with the notion of the multifunctionality of agriculture (MFA) depend on the uncertainties of the MFA in scientific and policy debates. The paper explores several aspects of this ambiguity. It stresses out the historic role of the mfa in a process of doctrinal and policy change, as a synthesis of several paths of policy measures. It shows the ambiguity and possible contradictions between several definitions of the mfa resulting in policy consequences. It sketches the pattern of particular versions of the MFA in different states and regions. At last, the paper shows that the mfa leads to a basic uncertainty about its possible final result, between a sector regression and a new development paradigm.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Perraud, 2003. "Les ambiguïtés de la multifonctionnalité de l'agriculture," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 273(1), pages 45-60.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_273_1_5387
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5387
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    1. Daniel Perraud, 2001. "Les politiques agricoles et rurales dans les régions: une nouvelle organisation des pouvoirs publics en Europe?," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 261(1), pages 7-22.
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