IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

La protection sociale : entre partage des risques et partage des revenus

Listed author(s):
  • Gérard Lattès
Registered author(s):

    [spa] La protecciôn social : entre el reparto de los riesgos y el reparto de la renta El sistema de protecciôn social desempena una funciôn de seguro contra los riesgos, pero la desempena también organizando cierta redistribution de los recursos entre los hogares. Las sucesivas reformas modificaron los términos de dicha redistribuciôn. Los derechos sociales recaen cada vez mes en la notion de ciudadanîa, aunque procedîan al principio del ejercicio de una actividad profesional. La financiaciôn, en la que el impuesto es cada vez mâs importante, se extendiô a otros recursos que los de la actividad profesional. La protecciôn social se desplazô desde el âmbito de la empresa hacia el âmbito pûblico. El componente redistributivo del impuesto fue desde la fundaciôn de la Seguridad social causa de tensiones entre los grupos sociales, entre los diferentes agentes del sistema. Remitimos a esas cuestiones, a los debates que crearon al repasar aquî las finalidades asignadas a la protecciôn social. [ger] Die soziale Sicherung: zwischen Risikoaufteilung und Einkommensumverteilung Das System des sozialen Schutzes dient der Absicherung von Risiken. Bei der Wahmehmung dieser Aufgabe nimmt es allerdings auch eine gewisse Ressourcenumverteilung zwischen den Haushalten vor. Dièse Umverteilung ist durch verschiedene Reformen geândert worden. Die sozialen Ansprûche stùtzen sich immer mehr auf den Begriff der Staatsbûrgerschaft, wâhrend sie sich ursprûnglich aus der Ausûbung einer Berufstâtigkeit ergaben. Zur Finanzierung, die immer mehr ûber die Steuern erfolgt, werden nun nicht mehr ausschlieBlich die Einkùnfte aus der Erwerbstâtigkeit herangezogen. Somit hat sich die soziaie Sicherung von der Unternehmens- sphàre hin zur ôffentlichen Sphâre verlagert. Die Umver- teilungskomponente der Abzùge war schon bei der Grûndung der Sozialversicherung Ursache von Spannungen zwischen den sozialen Gruppen, zwischen den verschiedenen Akteuren des Systems. Die Zielsetzungen der sozialen Sicherung werden in diesem Artikel vor dem Hintergrund dieser Anliegen und der damit verbundenen Débatte n erôrtert. [fre] La protection sociale : entre partage des risques et partage des revenus Le système de protection sociale exerce une fonction d'assurance contre les risques, mais il l'exerce aussi en organisant une certaine redistribution des ressources entre les ménages. Des réformes successives ont modifié les termes de cette redistribution. Les droits sociaux reposent de plus en plus sur la notion de citoyenneté alors qu'ils découlaient à l'origine de l'exercice d'une activité professionnelle. Le financement, où l'impôt tient une place croissante, s'est étendu à d'autres ressources que les revenus d'activité. La protection sociale s'est ainsi déplacée de la sphère de l'entreprise vers la sphère publique. La composante redistributive du prélèvement a été dès la fondation de la Sécurité sociale source de tensions entre les groupes sociaux, entre les différents acteurs du système. C'est par référence à ces enjeux, aux débats qu'ils ont suscités qu'on resitue ici les finalités assignées à la protection sociale. [eng] Social Security: Between Risk Sharing and Income Sharing The social security system protects against risks not only from an insurance point of view, but also by organizing a certain redistribution of resources among households. Successive reforms have altered the terms of this redistribution. Social security entitlements are based increasingly on the notion of citizenship, whereas they originally depended on the exercise of a professional activity. Social security funding is made up of a growing proportion of tax and has spread to resources other than earned income. Social security has therefore shifted from the corporate sphere towards the public sphere. Ever since the social security system was first set up, the redistributive element of contributions has been a source of conflict between different socio-economic groups and between the system's different players. This article refers to these issues and the debates they have provoked to place the objectives of social security in a new context.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/estat.1996.6026
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/estat_0336-1454_1996_num_291_1_6026
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 291 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 13-31

    as
    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1996_num_291_1_6026
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1996.6026
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/estat

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    as
    in new window


    1. Henri Sterdyniak & Pierre Villa, 1984. "Faut-il substituer de la TVA aux cotisations sociales des employeurs ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 6(1), pages 93-101.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1996_num_291_1_6026. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.