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Assessing the influence and impact of R&D institutions by mapping international scientific networks: the case of INESC Porto

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  • José António Pacheco Sequeira

    () (INESC Porto)

  • Aurora A. C. Teixeira

    () (Faculdade de Economia do Porto)

Abstract

Studies about the influence and impact of knowledge-producing organisations’ (e.g., universities or R&D institutions) have been addressed by means of strict economic analysis, stressing their economic impact in a local, regional or national extent. In the present study, an alternative methodology is put forward in order to evaluate the international scientific impact and influence of a knowledge-producing and -diffusing institution. Two main branches of the literature, dealing with the measurability of the economic impact of R&D organisations and their knowledge flows, are surveyed: standard economic studies, and scientometrics and bibliometrics analyses. With the aim of implementing an approach closer to the latter methods, we map the international scientific network of a knowledge-producing organisation using social network analysis statistical tools and thus assess the international impact and influence of such institution. Using INESC Porto – a Portuguese private non-profit organisation, recognised as being of public interest, due to its R&D activities – as our case study, we analyse the dynamics of its scientific production over the last two decades, attributing special attention to the international scientific co-authorships’ evolution, outlining the architecture of the knowledge network and its changing pattern. Additionally, focusing on the most prolific scientific areas of INESC Porto, and resorting to published scientific work recorded in the Science Citation Index (SCI) of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), we trace citations and infer over INESC Porto’s international scientific influence and impact.

Suggested Citation

  • José António Pacheco Sequeira & Aurora A. C. Teixeira, 2011. "Assessing the influence and impact of R&D institutions by mapping international scientific networks: the case of INESC Porto," Economics and Management Research Projects: An International Journal, Open Access International Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 8-19, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:por:emrpij:v:1:y:2011:i:1:p:8-19
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Margherita Balconi & Stefano Breschi & Francesco Lissoni, 2002. "Networks of Inventors and the Location of University Research: An Exploration of Italian Data," KITeS Working Papers 127, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised May 2002.
    2. Coe, David T. & Helpman, Elhanan, 1995. "International R&D spillovers," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 859-887, May.
    3. Siegfried, John J. & Sanderson, Allen R. & McHenry, Peter, 2007. "The economic impact of colleges and universities," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 546-558, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    scientific network; knowledge network; international impact; scientometrics; social network analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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