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Economic Freedom, Exchange Rates Stability and FDI in South Asia


  • Zafar Mueen Nasir

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

  • Arshad Hassan

    (Business Department at the Muhammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad)


This study empirically examines the role of economic freedom, market size and exchange rates in attracting foreign direct investment in south Asian countries for the period 1995-2008 by employing panel data analysis in fixed effect setting. Results clearly indicate the presence of significant positive relationship between economic freedom and FDI inflows in South Asian countries during the period of study. The real effective exchange rate was having negative association with it indicating that depreciation in host country currency negatively influences the inflow of FDI to that country. Therefore, monetary policy should focus on providing stability to currencies of host countries. The model explains approximately 90 percent of total variation in FDI. The paper concludes that South Asian countries should make concerted efforts in devising polices that improve level of economic freedom. In other words, they should provide more investment friendly climate, trade openness, efficient monetary and fiscal policies and freedom from corruption. This can help to attract more foreign direct investment in the South Asian countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Zafar Mueen Nasir & Arshad Hassan, 2011. "Economic Freedom, Exchange Rates Stability and FDI in South Asia," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 50(4), pages 423-433.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:50:y:2011:i:4:p:423-433

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    Cited by:

    1. Alam, Arif & Malik, Ihtisham Abdul & Abdullah, Alias Bin & Hassan, Asmadi & Faridullah, & Awan, Usama & Ali, Ghulam & Zaman, Khalid & Naseem, Imran, 2015. "Does financial development contribute to SAARC׳S energy demand? From energy crisis to energy reforms," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 818-829.
    2. repec:ijb:journl:v:16:y:2017:i:1:p:31-48 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ahmed, Tehseen & Malik, Saif Ullah, 2012. "Determinants of Inflow of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into Pakistan," MPRA Paper 54737, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Oktay KIZILKAYA & Ahmet AY & Gökhan AKAR, 2016. "Dynamic relationship among foreign direct investments, human capital, economic freedom and economic growth: Evidence from panel cointegration and panel causality analysis," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(608), A), pages 127-140, Autumn.
    5. repec:pje:journl:article27winv is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Magdalena RADULESCU & Logica BANICA & Tatiana ZAMFIROIU (PAUN), 2016. "Foreign Direct Investments And Their Non-Traditional Quality Factors. A Var Analysis In Romania And Bulgaria," SEA - Practical Application of Science, Fundația Română pentru Inteligența Afacerii, Editorial Department, issue 10, pages 123-133, April.
    7. Khan, Muhammad Azhar & Khan, Muhammad Zahir & Zaman, Khalid & Irfan, Danish & Khatab, Humera, 2014. "Questing the three key growth determinants: Energy consumption, foreign direct investment and financial development in South Asia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 203-215.

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