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Debt and Economic Growth in South Asia

Author

Listed:
  • Rehana Siddiqui

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Afia Malik

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

Abstract

After 1980s, in most developing countries, the rate of debt accumulation and increase in debt servicing are highlighted as major factors affecting the growth rate of output. Most of these countries lost their competitiveness in the international market mainly as a result of insufficient exchange rate adjustments. In addition, the weakening of terms of trade, economic mismanagement and crisis of governance also lowered growth rates in the developing countries. The downward pressure was larger in the countries facing higher debt burden as these countries faced higher interest rates, decline in the external resource inflow, lower export earnings, lower domestic output and lower imports. In case of South Asian countries, the external debt scenario has changed over time. According to World Bank (2001) Pakistan’s ranking worsened to ‘severely-indebted low income country’ from ‘moderately-indebted low income country’ in 1997, where as India’s ranking improved to ‘less indebted low income’ country from ‘moderately indebted’ in 1997. The rapid accumulation of debt, rising repayment burden and the economically and politically resource inflow or rescheduling motivated rescheduling of debt (as in case of Pakistan) has raised concerns regarding the impact of debt on the growth process of the South Asian countries. Khanobis and Bari (2001) claim that foreign resource inflow increased the resource availability and as a result it contributed to economic growth in South Asia. However, the study does not examine the effect of debt accumulation on economic growth. In this paper, given the diversity of growth experience, we examine the impact of rising debt burden on economic growth of South Asian countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Rehana Siddiqui & Afia Malik, 2001. "Debt and Economic Growth in South Asia," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 40(4), pages 677-688.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:40:y:2001:i:4:p:677-688
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    File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/2001/Volume4/677-688.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Howard White, 1992. "What do we know about aid's macroeconomic impact? An overview of the aid effectiveness debate," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 4(2), pages 121-137, March.
    2. A.R. Kemal, 1975. "Eliminating Dependence on Foreign AidSome Policy Implications," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 14(4), pages 381-396.
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    Cited by:

    1. Xuan Changyong & Sun Jun & Yan Chen, 2012. "Foreign debt, economic growth and economic crisis," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 157-167, June.
    2. Bassey Okon Ebi & Imoke Douglas Imoke, 2017. "Public Debt Carrying Capacity and Debt Transmission Channels: The Nigerian Experience," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(5), pages 41-52.
    3. Mihaela P?CESIL?, 2013. "Analysis Of The Balkan Countries Policy On Renewable Energy Sources: The Case Of Bulgaria, Romania And Greece," Management Research and Practice, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 5(1), pages 49-66, March.
    4. Siew-Peng Lee & Yan-Ling Ng, 2015. "Public Debt and Economic Growth in Malaysia," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(1), pages 119-126, January.
    5. Minhaj ud-Din & Muhammad Azam Khan & Muhammad Tariq, 2020. "External Debt - Blessing or Curse: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 10(4), pages 235-246.
    6. Tahir, Muhammad & Estrada, Mario Arturo Ruiz & Afridi, Muhammad Asim, 2019. "Foreign inflows and economic growth: An emiprical study of the SAARC region," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 43(3).
    7. Hasan Shahzad & Attiya Yasmin Javid, 2015. "Impact of Debt on Aggregate Investment and Productivity in Developing Asian Countries," PIDE-Working Papers 2015:127, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    8. Nadeem Ul Haque & Musleh-ud Din & Lubna Hasan, 2007. "Research at PIDE: Key Messages," PIDE Books, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, number 2007:2, March.
    9. Haroon Khan, 2015. "The Impact of Oil and Gold Prices on the GDP Growth: Empirical Evidence from a Developing Country," International Journal of Management Science and Business Administration, Inovatus Services Ltd., vol. 1(11), pages 34-46, October.
    10. A. R. Kemal, 2001. "Debt Accumulation and Its Implications for Growth and Poverty," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 40(4), pages 263-281.
    11. Talknice Saungweme & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Does Public Debt Impact Economic Growth in Zambia? An Ardl-Bounds Testing Approach," SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, University of Piraeus, vol. 69(4), pages 53-73, October-D.
    12. John Gowdy & Aneel Salman, 2007. "Climate Change and Economic Development: A Pragmatic Approach (Invited Lecture)," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 46(4), pages 337-350.
    13. A. R. Kemal, 2005. "Macroeconomic Management: Breaking out of the Debt Trap," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 10(Special E), pages 45-62, September.
    14. Ramzan, Muhammad & Ahmad, Eatzaz, 2014. "External debt growth nexus: Role of macroeconomic polices," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 204-210.
    15. Hanif, Muhammad N., 2002. "Public Debt Management," MPRA Paper 10212, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. repec:lje:journl:v:19:y:2015:i:1:p:71-103 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Syed Ammad & Sabihuddin Butt & Shaista Alam, 2012. "Fiscal Responsiveness, Persistence and Discretion: A Case Study of Pakistan," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 15(45), pages 227-244, September.
    18. Riffat, Nisma & Munir, Kashif, 2015. "Exploring the Channels and Impact of Debt on Economic Growth in South Asia," MPRA Paper 66830, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Nwaoha, William Chimee & Ejem, Chukwu Agwu & Egwu, Charles Chukwudinma & Ugoji-Eke, Patience Nnenna & Nwabeke, Chidinma Elizabeth, 2017. "An Error Correction Model Analysis of the Effect of Total External Debt on the Nigerian Economy (1980–2015)," International Journal of Economics and Financial Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, vol. 3(8), pages 119-129, 08-2017.
    20. Mohammad Morshedur RAHMAN & Mohammad Abul BASHAR & Suman DEY, 2012. "External Debt And Gross Domestic Product In Bangladesh: A Co-Integration Analysis," Management Research and Practice, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 4(4), pages 28-36, December.
    21. Debapriya Bhattacharya & Zeeshan Ashraf, 2018. "Is Bangladesh Rolling towards Debt Stress? An Exploration of Debt Sustainability in the Context of Recent External Financial Flows," South Asian Journal of Macroeconomics and Public Finance, , vol. 7(2), pages 137-173, December.
    22. Sadia Shabbir & Hafiz M. Yasin, 2015. "Implications of Public External Debt for Social Spending: A Case Study of Selected Asian Developing Countries," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 20(1), pages 71-103, Jan-June.
    23. Muhammad Iftikhar ul Husnain, 2010. "Expenditure-Growth Nexus: Does the Source of Finance Matter? Empirical Evidence from Selected South Asian Countries," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 49(4), pages 631-640.

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