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WhatÕs wrong with the Philippine higher education?


  • Edita A. Tan

    (School of Economics, University of the Philippines)


Philippine higher education (HE) plays an important role in the countryÕs economy and is vital in achieving global competitiveness.Poor quality,undeveloped innovation system, and inequality of access caused the current dismal state of the HE system.This could be traceable to the populist education policy all past governments have adopted.Poor quality HE led to poor quality graduates, which lowered the productivity of the countryÕs labor force and inhibited technological progress. The Philippines then fell behind its East Asian neighbors in economic growth and social development. The paper recommends drastic reforms of the HE subsidy system from the ad hoc and politically based allocation toward a well-planned HE development program that addresses the above problems: quality improvement, development of an innovation system and an effective scholarship system.

Suggested Citation

  • Edita A. Tan, 2011. "WhatÕs wrong with the Philippine higher education?," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 48(1), pages 147-184, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:prejrn:v:48:y:2011:i:1:p:147-184

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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank Group, 2017. "Developing Socioemotional Skills for the Philippines’ Labor Market," World Bank Other Operational Studies 28320, The World Bank.
    2. Mitzie Irene P. Conchada, 2013. "The cost efficiency of state universities and colleges in the Philippines," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 50(2), pages 83-104, December.

    More about this item


    higher education; education; Philippines;

    JEL classification:

    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy


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