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Key factors of seaport competitiveness based on the stakeholder perspective: An Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) model

Listed author(s):
  • Maria Rosa Pires da Cruz

    (Management and Economics Department and NECE Research Unit, University of Beira Interior, Pólo IV – Edifício Ernesto Cruz, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal. E-mails: piresdacruz@gmail.com; jjmf@ubi.pt; sazevedo@ubi.pt)

  • João J Ferreira

    (Management and Economics Department and NECE Research Unit, University of Beira Interior, Pólo IV – Edifício Ernesto Cruz, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal. E-mails: piresdacruz@gmail.com; jjmf@ubi.pt; sazevedo@ubi.pt)

  • Susana Garrido Azevedo

    (Management and Economics Department and NECE Research Unit, University of Beira Interior, Pólo IV – Edifício Ernesto Cruz, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal. E-mails: piresdacruz@gmail.com; jjmf@ubi.pt; sazevedo@ubi.pt)

In their decisions, seaport stakeholders internalize various factors that intervene in seaport competitiveness. The literature emphasizes that such seaport characteristics are important in the stakeholder choice of seaports. Given today’s competitive environment, it becomes imperative that seaport managers develop the ability to determine which factors stakeholders perceive as critical. This research aims to empirically study the key factors of seaport competitiveness from the perspective of Iberian seaports stakeholders by applying the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) model. The Delphi approach is deployed for the preliminary factor selection stages in an AHP context. Our initial results demonstrate that seaport users and seaport service providers differ in their understanding of the key factors of seaport competitiveness. From the seaport authorities and terminal operators’ perspective, seaport facilities and equipment is the most important factor followed by channel depth, intermodal links, vessel turnaround time and proximity to import/export areas. Vessel turnaround time is considered by ocean carriers as the most influential factor to competitiveness, followed by intermodal links, seaport facilities and equipment, proximity to import/export areas and channel depth.

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Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan & International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME) in its journal Maritime Economics & Logistics.

Volume (Year): 15 (2013)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 416-443

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Handle: RePEc:pal:marecl:v:15:y:2013:i:4:p:416-443
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