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Foreign Aid Policy and Sources of Poverty: A Quantitative Framework

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  • Alex Mourmouras
  • Peter Rangazas

Abstract

The econometric literature has been unable to establish a robust association between foreign aid and growth and poverty reduction. In this paper, we argue that aid effectiveness must be assessed using methods that go beyond cross-country regressions. We calibrate a dynamic general equilibrium model that is capable of generating large sustained income gaps between rich and poor countries. The model quantifies three sources of poverty: (1) lack of access to international capital, (2) low schooling and high fertility (a poverty trap), and (3) an antigrowth domestic fiscal policy set by an elite. We analyze policies designed to address each source of poverty and compare the aid cost of their implementation. The policies differ dramatically in the extent and timing of their growth effects, and in the aid cost of their implementation. IMF Staff Papers (2007) 54, 59–90. doi:10.1057/palgrave.imfsp.9450005

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  • Alex Mourmouras & Peter Rangazas, 2007. "Foreign Aid Policy and Sources of Poverty: A Quantitative Framework," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 54(1), pages 59-90, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:imfstp:v:54:y:2007:i:1:p:59-90
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    Cited by:

    1. Larru, Jose Maria, 2006. "La ayuda al desarrollo: ¿reduce la pobreza?
      [Foreign Aid: reduce poverty? (in Spanish)]
      ," MPRA Paper 2341, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Patrick Carter & Jonathan R. W. Temple, 2017. "Virtuous Circles and the Case for Aid," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 65(2), pages 397-425, June.
    3. Jonathan Temple & Huikang Ying & Patrick Carter, 2014. "Transfers and Transformations: Remittances, Foreign Aid, and Growth," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 14/649, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK, revised 02 Dec 2014.
    4. Alex Mourmouras & Peter Rangazas, 2009. "Reconciling Kuznets and Habbakuk in a unified growth theory," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 149-181, June.
    5. Alex Mourmouras & Peter Rangazas, 2007. "Wage Gaps and Development; Lessons from U.S. History," IMF Working Papers 07/105, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Almuth Scholl, 2009. "Aid Effectiveness and Limited Enforceable Conditionality," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 12(2), pages 377-391, April.
    7. Carl-Johan Dalgaard & Lennart Erickson, 2006. "Solow Versus Harrod-Domar; Reexamining the Aid Costs of the First Millennium Development Goal," IMF Working Papers 06/284, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Peter Rangazas & Alexandros Mourmouras, 2013. "Wage and Fertility Gaps in Dual Economies," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 3(1), pages 59-83, June.
    9. Atsuko Tanaka, "undated". "Notes on Foreign Aid Selectivity Based on Human Capital," Working Papers 2015-23, Department of Economics, University of Calgary, revised 27 Sep 2015.

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