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Why and When Do Governments Initiate Public Enterprise Reform?

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  • Campos, Jose Edgardo
  • Esfahani, Hadi Salehi

Abstract

Initiating public enterprise reform is a complex decision influenced by economic factors as well as the ideological biases and personalities of political leaders. Nevertheless, the use of a contracting framework yields important generalizations about what drives the decision. This article argues that the decision depends fundamentally on the potential efficiency gains from the reform and its associated transactions costs. Costs arise because of asymmetries in information and opportunism, problems that usually plague contract negotiations. The article identifies observable variables that may affect either the potential gains or the transactions costs, uses them to construct a simple probit decision-making model, and tests the model using data from fifteen developing countries over a twenty-year period. Copyright 1996 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Campos, Jose Edgardo & Esfahani, Hadi Salehi, 1996. "Why and When Do Governments Initiate Public Enterprise Reform?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(3), pages 451-485, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:wbecrv:v:10:y:1996:i:3:p:451-85
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    Cited by:

    1. Mounir Mahmalat & Declan Curran, 2018. "Do Crises Induce Reform? A Critical Review Of Conception, Methodology And Empirical Evidence Of The €˜Crisis Hypothesis’," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 613-648, July.
    2. Campos, Jose Edgardo & Esfahani, Hadi Salehi, 2000. "Credible Commitment and Success with Public Enterprise Reform," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 221-243, February.
    3. Radygin, Alexander & Simachev, Yury & Entov, Revold, 2015. "The state-owned company: “State failure” or “market failure”?1," Russian Journal of Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 55-80.
    4. Ghosh Banerjee, Sudeshna & Rondinelli, Dennis A., 2003. "Does Foreign Aid Promote Privatization? Empirical Evidence from Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(9), pages 1527-1548, September.
    5. Kubo, Katsuyuki & Phan, Huu Viet, 2019. "State ownership, sovereign wealth fund and their effects on firm performance: Empirical evidence from Vietnam," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 58(C).
    6. Yermakov, Yuri Y., 1997. "Credibility of economic reform and foreign direct investment in the former Soviet Union region," ISU General Staff Papers 1997010108000012835, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    7. Syn, Tan Wooi, 2002. "Capital Accumulation, State Intervention and Privatisation," Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers 30687, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM).

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