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Technology policy in the United States and the European Union: Shifting orientation towards technology users

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  • Nicholas S Vonortas

Abstract

In recent years, the United States and the European Union have made significant steps towards technology policies to enhance industry competitiveness. Government attention has shifted progressively from more supply-oriented technology policies to a greater balance with demand-oriented (technology-user-oriented) innovation policies. The transition has progressed differently in the two regions reflecting their institutional environments, policy traditions, and recent political developments. The transition has also been controversial because of the increased complexity of the policy and the patchy success rate of past attempts of governments to intervene in civilian technology markets. Copyright , Beech Tree Publishing.

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  • Nicholas S Vonortas, 2000. "Technology policy in the United States and the European Union: Shifting orientation towards technology users," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(2), pages 97-108, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:scippl:v:27:y:2000:i:2:p:97-108
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.3152/147154300781782075
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    Cited by:

    1. Kaiser, Ulrich & Kuhn, Johan M., 2012. "Long-run effects of public–private research joint ventures: The case of the Danish Innovation Consortia support scheme," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 913-927.
    2. Spyros Arvanitis & Thomas Bolli, 2013. "A Comparison of National and International Innovation Cooperation in Five European Countries," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 43(3), pages 163-191, November.

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