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Unsecured Credit Supply, Credit Cycles, and Regulation

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  • Song Han
  • Benjamin J. Keys
  • Geng Li

Abstract

This paper explores the dynamics of unsecured credit supply over the recent credit cycle and around the passage of the CARD Act. We examine a unique data set of over 200,000 credit card mail solicitations to a representative sample of households and introduce credit card offers as a direct, informative measure of supply of such credit. Contrasting personal credit card offer dynamics before and after the passage of the CARD Act with those of personal loans, auto loans, and corporate credit cards, we find that lenders reduced credit supply of personal credit cards to nonprime borrowers in response to the CARD Act. Our analysis highlights the importance of separately examining supply and demand responses to assess the unintended consequences of regulation. Received January 30, 2016; editorial decision August 9, 2017 by Editor Philip Strahan.

Suggested Citation

  • Song Han & Benjamin J. Keys & Geng Li, 2018. "Unsecured Credit Supply, Credit Cycles, and Regulation," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 31(3), pages 1184-1217.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:31:y:2018:i:3:p:1184-1217.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/rfs/hhx114
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    Cited by:

    1. Tal Gross & Raymond Kluender & Feng Liu & Matthew J. Notowidigdo & Jialan Wang, 2020. "The Economic Consequences of Bankruptcy Reform," Working Papers 2020-164, Becker Friedman Institute for Research In Economics.
    2. Keys, Benjamin J. & Wang, Jialan, 2019. "Minimum payments and debt paydown in consumer credit cards," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(3), pages 528-548.
    3. Sarah Miller & Cindy K. Soo, 2020. "Does Increasing Access to Formal Credit Reduce Payday Borrowing?," NBER Working Papers 27783, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Yiwei Dou & Geng Li & Joshua Ronen, 2019. "Does Price Regulation Affect Competition? Evidence from Credit Card Solicitations," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2019-018, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Erik Dolson & Julapa Jagtiani, 2021. "Which Lenders Are More Likely to Reach Out to Underserved Consumers: Banks versus Fintechs versus Other Nonbanks?," Working Papers 21-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    6. Laura Marcela Capera Romero, 2021. "The Effects of Usury Ceilings on Consumers Welfare: Evidence from the Microcredit Market in Colombia," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 21-055/IV, Tinbergen Institute.
    7. Yiwei Dou & Julapa Jagtiani & Ramain Quinn Maingi & Joshua Ronen, 2020. "The Credit Card Act and Consumer Debt Structure," Working Papers 20-32, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.

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