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Fertility and parents' labour supply: new evidence from US census data

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  • James P. Vere

Abstract

This article uses US Census data from 1980, 1990, and 2000 to estimate synthetic-cohort life cycle effects of fertility on women's and couples' labour supply. Multiple births are used as an instrument to control for unobserved heterogeneity. For single women, the causal effect of fertility has declined significantly over time. Couples, however, have become more specialized along traditional lines, with married men tending to increase labour earnings rather than reduce hours worked. Copyright 2011 Oxford University Press 2011 All rights reserved, Oxford University Press.

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  • James P. Vere, 2011. "Fertility and parents' labour supply: new evidence from US census data," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(2), pages 211-231, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:63:y:2011:i:2:p:211-231
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/oep/gpr003
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    Cited by:

    1. Griffen, Andrew S. & Nakamuro, Makiko & Inui, Tomohiko, 2015. "Fertility and maternal labor supply in Japan: Conflicting policy goals?," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 52-72.
    2. Wolfgang Frimmel & Martin Halla & Bernhard Schmidpeter & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2017. "Grandmothers' Labor Supply," Economics working papers 2017-20, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
    3. Angelov, Nikolay & Karimi, Arizo, 2012. "Mothers’ Income Recovery after Childbearing," Working Paper Series, Center for Labor Studies 2012:19, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    4. Halla, Martin & Zweimüller, Martina, 2014. "Parental Response to Early Human Capital Shocks: Evidence from the Chernobyl Accident," IZA Discussion Papers 7968, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Anna Baranowska-Rataj & Anna Matysiak, 2016. "The Causal Effects of the Number of Children on Female Employment - Do European Institutional and Gender Conditions Matter?," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 37(3), pages 343-367, September.
    6. Sylvia Frühwirth-Schnatter & Martin Halla & Alexandra Posekany & Gerald J. Pruckner & Thomas Schober, 2014. "The Quantity and Quality of Children: A Semi-Parametric Bayesian IV Approach," Economics working papers 2014-03, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
    7. repec:aea:aecrev:v:107:y:2017:i:6:p:1611-37 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Krzysztof Karbownik & Michal Myck, 2012. "For Some Mothers More than Others: How Children Matter for Labour Market Outcomes When Both Fertility and Female Employment Are Low," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1208, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Anna Baranowska, 2013. "The family size effects on female employment. Evidence from the “natural experiments” related to human reproduction," Working Papers 57, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.

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