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Poverty and the Welfare State in Interwar London

Author

Listed:
  • Hatton, Timothy J
  • Bailey, Roy E

Abstract

Poverty among working class households in interwar London is reexamined using records from the New Survey of London Life and Labour, 1929-31. Alternative poverty lines are constructed to estimate the number of households in poverty including, and excluding, the social security benefits paid during the interwar period. The interwar social security system is found to deserve greater credit for alleviating poverty than is often recognized. Also, it is argued that the post-Beveridge social security system, if applied in the interwar period, would have further reduced poverty but would not have eliminated it. Copyright 1998 by Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Hatton, Timothy J & Bailey, Roy E, 1998. "Poverty and the Welfare State in Interwar London," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 574-606, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:50:y:1998:i:4:p:574-606
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    Cited by:

    1. Timothy J. Hatton & Roy >. Bailey, 2000. "Seebohm Rowntree and the postwar poverty puzzle," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 53(3), pages 517-543, August.
    2. Celso Nunes, 2008. "The Economic Thought on Poverty Measurement: From the Nineteenth-Century to the Rediscovering Era," Working Papers 92, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    3. Jessica S. Bean, 2015. "‘To help keep the home going’: female labour supply in interwar London," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 68(2), pages 441-470, May.
    4. Osamu Saito, 2015. "Growth and inequality in the great and little divergence debate: a Japanese perspective," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 68(2), pages 399-419, May.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • N34 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: 1913-

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