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Sustainable Agricultural Development and Project Appraisal


  • Barbier, Edward B
  • Markandya, Anil
  • Pearce, David W


This paper is concerned with how the objective of agricultural sustainability can be incorporated into conventional analyses of agricultural development projects. The most straightforward approach is to assume that agricultural sustainability, including the ecological concept of "resilience," is dependent on the constancy of the natural capital stock. Special sustainability criteria need only be invoked in the presence of degradation or depletion; otherwise, economic efficiency can be optimally pursued. The resulting "rules" for project appraisal are demonstrated both theoretically and with the example of a gum arabic rehabilitation project in Sudan. Copyright 1990 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Barbier, Edward B & Markandya, Anil & Pearce, David W, 1990. "Sustainable Agricultural Development and Project Appraisal," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 17(2), pages 181-196.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:erevae:v:17:y:1990:i:2:p:181-96

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    Cited by:

    1. Ph.D. Irina-Virginia Dragulanescu & Ph.D. Natalia Dragulanescu, 2013. "Growth, development and sustainability," International Journal for Responsible Tourism, Fundatia Amfiteatru, vol. 2(4), pages 36-47, November.
    2. Debora Scarpato, 2013. "La misurazione della sostenibilità: alcune esperienze internazionali," RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA', FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2013(1), pages 55-76.
    3. repec:ilo:ilowps:283665 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Ehui, Simeon K. & Spencer, Dunstan S.C., 1993. "Measuring the sustainability and economic viability of tropical farming systems: a model from sub-Saharan Africa," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 9(4), December.
    5. Camille Bann, 2016. "The Economic Valuation of Tropical Forest Land Use Options: A Manual for Researchers," EEPSEA Research Report rr2016033, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised Mar 2016.
    6. Edward Barbier, 1992. "Rehabilitating gum arabic systems in Sudan: Economic and environmental implications," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 2(4), pages 341-358, July.
    7. Perrings C., 1994. "Sustainable livelihoods and environmentally sound technology," ILO Working Papers 993004733402676, International Labour Organization.
    8. Perrings C., 1991. "Incentives for the ecologically sustainable use of human and natural resources in the drylands of sub-saharan Africa: a review," ILO Working Papers 992836653402676, International Labour Organization.

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