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The Welfare Effects of Distribution Regulations in OECD Countries

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  • Scott Bradford

Abstract

This article presents new data on distribution margins in eight OECD countries and uses an Applied General Equilibrium (AGE) framework to assess the welfare impacts of inefficient distribution. I estimate the extent to which regulations inflate margins. A comparison of margins across countries finds, in contrast to other studies, that Japan's margins are unusually high. The AGE simulations imply that inefficient distribution imposes substantial welfare costs, especially in Japan, with the costs rivaling those of trade barriers. The results also imply that distribution impediments can significantly reduce imports. (JEL D58, F13, L81) Copyright 2005, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Scott Bradford, 2005. "The Welfare Effects of Distribution Regulations in OECD Countries," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 43(4), pages 795-811, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ecinqu:v:43:y:2005:i:4:p:795-811
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/ei/cbi057
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    Cited by:

    1. Christen, Elisabeth & Francois, Joseph & Hoekman, Bernard, 2013. "Computable General Equilibrium Modeling of Market Access in Services," Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modeling, Elsevier.
    2. Eric O'N. Fisher & John Gilbert & Kathryn G. Marshall & Reza Oladi, 2015. "A New Measure of Economic Distance," CESifo Working Paper Series 5362, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Francois, Joseph & Manchin, Miriam, 2013. "Institutions, Infrastructure, and Trade," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 165-175.
    4. Christen, Elisabeth & Francois, Joseph & Hoekman, Bernard, 2012. "CGE modeling of market access in services," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6106, The World Bank.
    5. Xuebing Yang, 2015. "Estimating Distribution Costs with the Eaton–Kortum Model," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 653-665, August.
    6. Jouini, Nizar & Rebei, Nooman, 2014. "The welfare implications of services liberalization in a developing country," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 1-14.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce

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