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Political and Economic Factors Affecting Agricultural PAC Contribution Strategies

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  • Dana L. Hoag
  • Thomas G. Field

Abstract

Public choice describes a marketplace for political favors that could explain strong support for agriculture. While many researchers have studied political markets, few have examined agriculture. This study addresses contributions from twenty-six PAC aggregates to senators in the 103rd Congress. Using a tobit model, legislative attributes, such as tenure, committee membership, and ideology, were regressed on contributions. Overall, the agricultural industry targeted nonsenior, conservative Democrats from agriculturally dependent states in close election races and who served either on the agriculture committee or the agriculture appropriations committee. However, many differences were found across subsectors within agriculture, such as crops and livestock. Copyright 1999, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Dana L. Hoag & Thomas G. Field, 1999. "Political and Economic Factors Affecting Agricultural PAC Contribution Strategies," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(2), pages 397-407.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:81:y:1999:i:2:p:397-407
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    1. Coughlin, Cletus C, 1985. "Domestic Content Legislation: House Voting and the Economic Theory of Regulation," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 23(3), pages 437-448, July.
    2. Kevin Grier & Michael Munger, 1986. "The impact of legislator attributes on interest-group campaign contributions," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 7(4), pages 349-361, September.
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    4. Grier, Kevin B & Munger, Michael C, 1991. "Committee Assignments, Constituent Preferences, and Campaign Contributions," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 29(1), pages 24-43, January.
    5. Chappell, Henry W, Jr, 1982. "Campaign Contributions and Congressional Voting: A Simultaneous Probit-Tobit Model," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 64(1), pages 77-83, February.
    6. Peltzman, Sam, 1984. "Constituent Interest and Congressional Voting," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(1), pages 181-210, April.
    7. Stratmann, Thomas, 1995. "Campaign Contributions and Congressional Voting: Does the Timing of Contributions Matter?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 77(1), pages 127-136, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gawande, Kishore, 2005. "The structure of lobbying and protection in U.S. agriculture," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3722, The World Bank.
    2. Riddel, Mary, 2003. "Candidate eco-labeling and senate campaign contributions," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 177-194, March.
    3. John Gilbert & Reza Oladi, 2012. "Net campaign contributions, agricultural interests, and votes on liberalizing trade with China," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 150(3), pages 745-769, March.

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