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Fiscal Federalism and Welfare Policy: The Role of States in the Growth of Child SSI

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  • Kubik, Jeffrey D.

Abstract

The liberalization of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program in 1990 allowed many children receiving assistance from AFDC to enroll in SSI instead. Because of differences in the federal funding rules for these two programs, many state governments saved money by steering children from AFDC to SSI. I calculate this financial gain to states and present evidence that state fiscal considerations influenced the movement of children between welfare programs; states experiencing negative fiscal shocks were more likely to encourage these moves. These findings are important for predicting state responses to future adverse fiscal shocks in this post-welfare reform era.

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  • Kubik, Jeffrey D., 2003. "Fiscal Federalism and Welfare Policy: The Role of States in the Growth of Child SSI," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 56(1), pages 61-79, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:56:y:2003:i:1:p:61-79
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    1. Beach, Charles M & MacKinnon, James G, 1978. "A Maximum Likelihood Procedure for Regression with Autocorrelated Errors," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 51-58, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Regis Barnichon & Andrew Figura, 2016. "Declining Desire to Work and Downward Trends in Unemployment and Participation," NBER Macroeconomics Annual, University of Chicago Press, vol. 30(1), pages 449-494.
    2. Mark Duggan & Melissa S. Kearney & Stephanie Rennane, 2015. "The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Program," NBER Working Papers 21209, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Lynn A. Karoly & Paul S. Davies, 2004. "The Impact of the 1996 SSI Childhood Disability Reforms: Evidence from Matched SIPP-SSA Data," Working Papers wp079, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
    4. Duggan, Mark & Singleton, Perry & Song, Jae, 2007. "Aching to retire? The rise in the full retirement age and its impact on the social security disability rolls," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 1327-1350.
    5. Mark G. Duggan & Melissa Schettini Kearney, 2007. "The impact of child SSI enrollment on household outcomes," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(4), pages 861-886.
    6. Purvi Sevak & John O'Neill & Andrew Houtenville & Debra L. Brucker, 2016. "State and Local Determinants of Employment Outcomes among Individuals with Disabilities," Working Papers 16-21, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    7. Gijs Roelofs & Daniel Vuuren, 2017. "The Decentralization of Social Assistance and the Rise of Disability Insurance Enrolment," De Economist, Springer, pages 1-21.
    8. Lex Borghans & Anne C. Gielen & Erzo F. P. Luttmer, 2014. "Social Support Substitution and the Earnings Rebound: Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity in Disability Insurance Reform," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, pages 34-70.
    9. Hungerman, Daniel M., 2009. "Crowd-out and diversity," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 729-740.
    10. Austin Nichols & Lucie Schmidt & Purvi Sevak, 2014. "Economic Conditions and SSI Applications," Working Papers wp318, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
    11. Mark Duggan & Melissa S. Kearney & Stephanie Rennane, 2015. "The Supplemental Security Income Program," NBER Chapters,in: Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, volume 2, pages 1-58 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Mark Duggan & Melissa Schettini Kearney, 2005. "The Impact of Child SSI Enrollment on Household Outcomes: Evidence from the Survey of Income and Program Participation," NBER Working Papers 11568, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Mark Duggan & Perry Singleton & Jae Song, 2005. "Aching to Retire? The Rise in the Full Retirement Age and its Impact on the Disability Rolls," NBER Working Papers 11811, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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