IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Global financial crisis, ownership and bank profit efficiency in the Bangladesh's state owned and private commercial banks


  • Fakarudin Kamarudin

    () (Universiti Putra Malaysia)

  • Fadzlan Sufian

    (Taylor's University)

  • Annuar Md. Nassir

    (Universiti Putra Malaysia)


This paper studies the impact of global financial crisis focusing on State Owned Commercial Banks (SCBs) and Private Commercial Banks (PCBs) ownership and others bank specific and macroeconomics factors influencing profit efficiency level of the Bangladesh banking sector. The Slack-Based Data Envelopment Analysis (SBM-DEA) method employed to compute the profit efficiency of 31 commercial banks operating in the Bangladesh over the years 2004–2011. Furthermore, the multivariate panel regression analysis framework based on the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) and Generalized Least Square (GLS) methods comprising the Fixed Effect (FE) and Random Effect (RE) models adopted to examine the determinants of banks profit efficiency. Results indicate the levels of profit efficiency on SCBs and PCBs are increasing by 3.7% and 5.8% during financial crisis years. However, over the period of post financial crisis years exhibited, profit efficiency levels on SCBs and PCBs are decreasing by 38.7% and 9.9%. Although profit efficiency levels on both ownership of banks show declining over the post financial crisis years, the PCBs still higher than SCBs (67.8% > 60.1%) but insignificantly different. Furthermore, the findings reveals that the relationship of size of bank, liquidity, economic growth and market concentration are significantly negative with profit efficiency of SCBs but positive to PCBs. Meanwhile, the factors of capitalization, credit risk and inflation are significant with the positive and negative sign only to the profit efficiency of the SCBs over the period of post global financial crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Fakarudin Kamarudin & Fadzlan Sufian & Annuar Md. Nassir, 2016. "Global financial crisis, ownership and bank profit efficiency in the Bangladesh's state owned and private commercial banks," Contaduría y Administración, Accounting and Management, vol. 61(4), pages 705-745, Octubre-D.
  • Handle: RePEc:nax:conyad:v:61:y:2016:i:4:p:705-745

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ocde & Aen, 2012. "Décisions administratives," Bulletin de droit nucléaire, Éditions OCDE, vol. 2007(1), pages 61-62.
    2. Oecd & Nea, 2012. "Administrative Decisions," Nuclear Law Bulletin, OECD Publishing, vol. 2007(1), pages 57-58.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Global financial crisis; State Owned Commercial Banks; Private Commercial Banks; Profit efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nax:conyad:v:61:y:2016:i:4:p:705-745. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alberto García-Narvaez (Technical Editor)). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.