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Direct and Indirect Effects of Economic and Political Freedom on Economic Growth


  • Gema Fabro
  • José Aixalá


This paper examines the relative impact of economic freedom, civil liberties, and political rights on growth. A system of three simultaneous equations is used to unearth the channels through which these institutional dimensions affect economic growth. These include greater efficiency and enlarged investment in physical and human capital. The sample contains 79 countries and six periods covering the years from 1976 to 2005. The results show that the three dimensions of institutional quality are important for economic growth either through a better allocation of resources or, indirectly, through the stimulation of investment in physical and human capital.

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  • Gema Fabro & José Aixalá, 2012. "Direct and Indirect Effects of Economic and Political Freedom on Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(4), pages 1059-1080.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:jeciss:v:46:y:2012:i:4:p:1059-1080 DOI: 10.2753/JEI0021-3624460411

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Naoi, Michio & Seko, Miki & Sumita, Kazuto, 2009. "Earthquake risk and housing prices in Japan: Evidence before and after massive earthquakes," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 658-669, November.
    2. Michio Naoi & Miki Seko & Kazuto Sumita, 2010. "Community Rating, Cross Subsidies and Underinsurance: Why so many Households in Japan do not Purchase Earthquake Insurance," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 544-561, May.
    3. Anbarci, Nejat & Escaleras, Monica & Register, Charles A., 2005. "Earthquake fatalities: the interaction of nature and political economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(9-10), pages 1907-1933, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mhamed ali Khemakhem & zouheir abida, 2016. "Institutions, Foreign Direct Investment, and Economic Growth in North African Countries," Proceedings of Business and Management Conferences 3405669, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    2. Tanin, Tauhidul Islam & Masih, Mansur, 2017. "Does economic freedom lead or lag economic growth? evidence from Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 79446, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:agr:journl:v:xxiv:y:2017:i:2(611):p:277-290 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:ere:journl:v:xxxvi:y:2017:i:2:p:123-146 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Teixeira, Aurora A.C. & Queirós, Anabela S.S., 2016. "Economic growth, human capital and structural change: A dynamic panel data analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 1636-1648.
    6. Anabela Queirós & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2014. "Economic growth, human capital and structural change: an empirical analysis," FEP Working Papers 549, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.

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