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Ownership Concentration and Firm Value: A Study from the Indian Corporate Sector

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  • EKTA SELARKA

Abstract

This paper contributes to understanding corporate governance issues in emerging economies by examining how blockholders influence firm value. Using a much disaggregated and uniform database from the Indian corporate sector for the year 2001, we examine the interaction between ownership structure and firm value in the following ways. Unlike most existing research, which studies the aggregate level of ownership, we include a wider set of mechanisms, such as identity and ownership concentration of outside blockholders controlling at least 5 percent of total equity of the firm. We analyze the role played by these shareholders with substantial voting power in situations when equity holding is less compared to the more concentrated holdings of promoters. We also attempt to see if these investors coordinate among themselves to constrain insiders from expropriating corporate resources. We find a significant curvilinear relationship between firm value and the fraction of voting rights owned by insiders. The curve slopes downward until insider ownership reaches approximately between 45 percent and 63 percent, then slopes upward. Empirical results on ownership concentration by minority blockholders do not support the monitoring hypothesis of these investors. Furthermore, the coordinated behavior of the largest two minority blockholders has an increasing (decreasing) impact on firm value when the collective control is located in the lower (higher) range. The coordination problem worsens if the largest two are private corporate bodies.

Suggested Citation

  • Ekta Selarka, 2005. "Ownership Concentration and Firm Value: A Study from the Indian Corporate Sector," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(6), pages 83-108, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:emfitr:v:41:y:2005:i:6:p:83-108
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Chung-Hua Shen & Kun-Li Lin, 2010. "The Impact of Corporate Governance on the Relationship Between Fundamental Information Analysis and Stock Returns," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(5), pages 90-105, September.
    2. Kashif Rashid & Seep Nadeem, 2014. "The Role of Ownership Concentration, its Types and Firm Performance: A Quantitative Study of Financial Sector in Pakistan," Oeconomics of Knowledge, Saphira Publishing House, vol. 6(2), pages 10-61, June.
    3. PengCheng Zhu & Vijay Jog, 2012. "Impact on Target Firm Risk-Return Characteristics of Domestic and Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions in Emerging Markets," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(4), pages 79-101, July.
    4. Ming-Feng Hsu & Kehluh Wang, 2014. "The Level and Stability of Institutional Ownership and Firm Performance: Evidence from Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(2S), pages 159-173, March.
    5. Ming-Feng Hsu & Kehluh Wang, 2014. "The Level and Stability of Institutional Ownership and Firm Performance: Evidence from Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(2S), pages 159-173, March.
    6. Chung-Hua Shen & Kun-Li Lin, 2010. "The Impact of Corporate Governance on the Relationship Between Fundamental Information Analysis and Stock Returns," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(5), pages 90-105, September.
    7. Yanjian Zhu & Xiaoneng Zhu, 2012. "Impact of the Share Structure Reform on the Role of Operating Related Party Transactions in China," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(6), pages 73-94, November.
    8. Yanjian Zhu & Xiaoneng Zhu, 2012. "Impact of the Share Structure Reform on the Role of Operating Related Party Transactions in China," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(6), pages 73-94, November.
    9. Feng-Li Lin & Hai-Ling Lin, 2013. "Ultimate Controller Ownership and Firm Value in Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(1), pages 68-81, January.
    10. Chiung-Ju Liang & Ying-Li Lin & Tzu-Tsang Huang, 2011. "Does Endogenously Determined Ownership Matter on Performance? Dynamic Evidence from the Emerging Taiwan Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(6), pages 120-133, November.
    11. PengCheng Zhu & Vijay Jog, 2012. "Impact on Target Firm Risk-Return Characteristics of Domestic and Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions in Emerging Markets," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(4), pages 79-101, July.
    12. Pursey Heugens & Marc Essen & J. Oosterhout, 2009. "Meta-analyzing ownership concentration and firm performance in Asia: Towards a more fine-grained understanding," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 481-512, September.
    13. Chiung-Ju Liang & Ying-Li Lin & Tzu-Tsang Huang, 2011. "Does Endogenously Determined Ownership Matter on Performance? Dynamic Evidence from the Emerging Taiwan Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(6), pages 120-133, November.
    14. Sinha, Pankaj & Singhal, Anushree, 2012. "A note on Corporate Governance in Public Sector Undertakings in India," MPRA Paper 41038, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Feng-Li Lin & Hai-Ling Lin, 2013. "Ultimate Controller Ownership and Firm Value in Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(1), pages 68-81, January.

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