Efficient Pricing of Large Value Interbank Payment Systems
This paper studies the pricing of large-value payment systems and its influence on the way commercial banks route their payments. It is shown that the optimal pricing scheme for a public monopoly system involves quantity discounts in the form of a decreasing marginal fee. This is also true when the public system competes with a private system characterized by a lower marginal cost. However in this case, optimal marginal fees in the public system are lower than its marginal cost, and fixed fees have to be levied. We show that if the Central Bank wants the public system to be used by a significant proportion of the banks, this may be incompatible with full cost recovery. We also study the case of competition between several public systems. The structure of the optimal tariff depends on the willingness of Central Banks to allow by-pass.
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Volume (Year): 38 (2006)
Issue (Month): 7 (October)
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