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Comparative and Cultural Perspectives on Educational Reform


  • David Stephens

    () (Education Research Centre, University of Brighton)


Attempt is made to review study on “A comparative survey of Commonwealth experience of efforts to improve the quality of Basic Education” presented in conference held in 1991 by the Commonwealth Secretariat in London for the Commonwealth Ministers of Education Conference in Barbados. It seems opportune now to review the comparative landscape of educational reform since then with a view to identifying models of good practice and challenges that face us all. Immediate aim is to raise a number of issues – and in hope controversies – that will contribute to a lively and informative conference. The paper is in three parts: In the first it reviews the milestones along the road of educational reform since the 1990s with a particular focus upon issues of school quality, effectiveness and improvement. In the second it discusses – with examples from a range of countries in which I have worked – six key challenges we now face. The third part looks briefly at methodological developments and in particular the increasing importance attached to culturally appropriate approaches to researching and evaluating educational reform. It also outlines the case for making greater use to two research methods; life history and narrative enquiry in the quest for more meaningful evidence-gathering and analysis.

Suggested Citation

  • David Stephens, 2008. "Comparative and Cultural Perspectives on Educational Reform," KASBIT Business Journals, Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT), vol. 1, pages 1-27, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksb:journl:v:1:y:2008:p:1-27

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    More about this item


    Comparative and cultural; educational reforms & quality; economic growth; universal primary education;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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