Travel Time Reliability in Vehicle Routing and Scheduling with Time Windows
This paper presents calibration of the Vehicle Routing and scheduling Problems with Time Windows-Probabilistic (VRPTW-P) model which takes into account the uncertainty of travel times. Probe vehicle data of travel times were obtained from usual operation of pickup-delivery trucks in South Osaka area. The optimal solution of the VRPTW-P model resulted in reducing total cost, running times and CO 2 , NOx and Particle Materials (PM) emissions compared with the usual operation. This is attributed to better routing of VRPTW-P to choose more reliable roads. Therefore, VRPTW-P can contribute to establish efficient and environmentally friendly delivery systems in urban area. Copyright Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006
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Volume (Year): 6 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
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- Swihart, Michael R. & Papastavrou, Jason D., 1999. "A stochastic and dynamic model for the single-vehicle pick-up and delivery problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 114(3), pages 447-464, May.
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- Eiichi Taniguchi & Russell G. Thompson & Tadashi Yamada, 2003. "Predicting the effects of city logistics schemes," Transport Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(4), pages 489-515, July.
- Eiichi Taniguchi & Rob E.C.M. Van Der Heijden, 2000. "An evaluation methodology for city logistics," Transport Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(1), pages 65-90, January.
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