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European Economic Integration and Commercial Real Estate Markets: An Analysis of Trends in Market Determinants

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Abstract

Economic theory predicts economic integration in the European Community (EC) will result in single markets for individual goods, services and factors of production. The specific characteristics of commercial real estate make it unlikely that a single market will result. However, even without a single market, theory predicts that markets for similar real estate (commercial office, industrial and retail) will converge as a result of economic integration. This paper examines several market determinants to see if we can find evidence of the predicted convergence. Looking at data from 1983 to 1994 we find evidence of some convergence but the extent is small and major institutional differences within the countries remain. Implications are that barriers to the efficient flow of investment funds into real estate remain and distinct markets will continue to characterize real estate within the EC.

Suggested Citation

  • Elaine M. Worzala & Alexandra Bernasek, 1996. "European Economic Integration and Commercial Real Estate Markets: An Analysis of Trends in Market Determinants," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 11(2), pages 159-182.
  • Handle: RePEc:jre:issued:v:11:n:2:1996:p:159-182
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    Cited by:

    1. Jian Yang & James Kolari & Guozhong Zhu, 2005. "European public real estate market integration," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(13), pages 895-905.
    2. Steffen Metzner & Mareen Sawitzky, 2016. "Priorisierung von Immobilienmärkten mittels ELECTRE: Nutzung eines Outranking-Modells im taktischen Portfoliomanagement
      [Prioritization of real estate investment markets using ELECTRE: Outranking m
      ," Zeitschrift für Immobilienökonomie (German Journal of Real Estate Research), Springer;Gesellschaft für Immobilienwirtschaftliche Forschung e. V., vol. 2(2), pages 121-144, October.
    3. Pat Wilson & Ralf Zurbruegg, 2003. "International Diversification of Real Estate Assets - Is it Worth It? Evidence from the Literature," Working Paper Series 126, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
    4. John Gallo & Ying Zhang, 2010. "Global Property Market Diversification," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 458-485, November.
    5. Nicholas Apergis, 2003. "Housing Prices and Macroeconomic Factors: Prospects within the European Monetary Union," International Real Estate Review, Asian Real Estate Society, vol. 6(1), pages 63-74.
    6. Nicholas Apergis, 2003. "Housing Prices and Macroeconomic Factors: Prospects within the European Monetary Union," International Real Estate Review, Asian Real Estate Society, vol. 6(1), pages 63-47.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L85 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Real Estate Services

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