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Resource Dependence, Knowledge Creation, And Growth: Revisiting The Natural Resource Curse

  • Heinz Welsch

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Oldenberg)

Several explanations have been put forward for the phenomenon - referred to as ¡®curse of natural resources¡¯ - that resource-rich countries tend to display low rates of economic growth. This paper studies an R&D-related explanation, using an endogenous growth model with natural resources and R&D-based technological change. For suitable values of preference parameters, the model predicts that knowledge creation as well as capital formation are inversely related to natural-resource intensity, thus providing an explanation for the ¡®curse¡¯. Estimation results on cross-sectional data for 77 countries (1965-1998) are consistent with these predictions. Basic results of the paper remain valid when institutional aspects (corruption, democracy) are included.

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Article provided by Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics in its journal Journal Of Economic Development.

Volume (Year): 33 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (June)
Pages: 45-70

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Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:33:y:2008:i:1:p:45-70
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