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A Cluster-Analytic Approach to Facility Layout


  • Michael Scriabin

    (Laboratory for Applied Research in Computer Systems (ARCS), British Columbia Institute of Technology, 3700 Willingdon Avenue, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5G 3H2)

  • Roger C. Vergin

    (Faculty of Business Administration, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6)


Due to the combinatorial nature of the facility layout problem, current heuristic computer procedures do not always provide better solutions than visual methods. A new algorithm, FLAC (Facility Layout by Analysis of Clusters), is described which emulates the visual methods used by industrial engineers in solving facility layout problems. Initially side-stepping the combinatorial nature of the problem, FLAC is found to perform well in problems with high as well as low flow dominance, and in the presence and absence of line dominance. Computation time is attractive, especially on larger problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Scriabin & Roger C. Vergin, 1985. "A Cluster-Analytic Approach to Facility Layout," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 31(1), pages 33-49, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:31:y:1985:i:1:p:33-49

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    Cited by:

    1. Kazuhiro Tsuchiya & Sunil Bharitkar & Yoshiyasu Takefuji, 1996. "A neural network approach to facility layout problems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 89(3), pages 556-563, March.
    2. Kim, J. -Y. & Kim, Y. -D., 1995. "Graph theoretic heuristics for unequal-sized facility layout problems," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 391-401, August.


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