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The Bologna Process And The Dynamics Of Academic Mobility: A Comparative Approach To Romania And Turkey


  • Monica ROMAN

    () (Bussines Statistics at Bucharest University of Economics)

  • Fatma MIZIKACI

    () (Middle East Technical University, NCC, Northern Cyprus, Turkey)

  • Zizi GOSCHIN

    () (Institute of National Economy)


Recent changes that have occurred in the European higher education system are grounded on the options of continental countries, expressed in the Bologna Declaration, to achieve a single European space in this field by the year 2010. The purpose of this paper is to develop a better understanding of student mobility in the process of internationalization of higher education in a South European context. The rationale of the study is that student mobility has long been the most important dimension of the process of internationalization of higher education. At the moment there is increasing demand for higher education, as a consequence of demographic trends and the need for new degrees and diploma programs. The article focuses on two countries from South-Eastern Europe, Romania and Turkey. Both countries have a very dynamic higher education system, in terms of number of students and stuff, integrating in Bologna process. They also are primarily perceived as sending students countries. The key findings are linked to obstacles and solutions to overcome this obstacle. It also stresses the necessity of the two higher education systems to be more involved in attracting European students.

Suggested Citation

  • Monica ROMAN & Fatma MIZIKACI & Zizi GOSCHIN, 2008. "The Bologna Process And The Dynamics Of Academic Mobility: A Comparative Approach To Romania And Turkey," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 27(2(36)), pages 129-144, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ine:journl:v:2:y:2008:i:36:p:129-144

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Roman, Monica & Suciu, Christina, 2007. "International Mobility of Romanian Students in Europe: From Statistical Evidence to Policy Measures," MPRA Paper 16439, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item


    Bologna process; higher education; international student mobility; Romania; Turkey;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education


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