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Size And Returns To Scale Of The Islamic Banking Industry In Malaysia: Foreign Versus Domestic Banks

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  • Fadzlan Sufian

Abstract

This paper investigates the efficiency of the Malaysian Islamic banking sector during the period of 2001-2004. The efficiency estimates of individual banks are evaluated using the non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method. The method allows for the decomposition of the technical (overall) efficiency into its pure technical and scale efficiency components. In accordance with Islamic financial system principles, the intermediation approach is applied to the specification of input-output variables. The findings suggest that scale inefficiency dominates pure technical inefficiency in the Malaysian Islamic banking sector, implying that Malaysian Islamic banks have been operating at the wrong scale of operations. We have also found that the domestic Islamic banks have exhibited higher technical efficiency compared to that of their foreign peers. Although the findings suggest that the foreign Islamic banks’ technical efficiency is lower compared to its domestic counterparts, the results seem to suggest that the foreign Islamic banks have been relatively more efficient in controlling their operating costs, thus implying that the foreign banks’ inefficiency was mainly attributed to scale.

Suggested Citation

  • Fadzlan Sufian, 2006. "Size And Returns To Scale Of The Islamic Banking Industry In Malaysia: Foreign Versus Domestic Banks," IIUM Journal of Economics and Management, IIUM Journal of Economis and Management, vol. 14(2), pages 147-175, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ije:journl:v:14:y:2006:i:2:p:147-175
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    File URL: http://www.iium.edu.my/enmjournal/142art2.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kabir Hassan & Issouf Soumaré, 2007. "Financial Guarantee as an Innovation Tool in Islamic Project Finance," Working Papers 713, Economic Research Forum, revised 01 Jan 2007.
    2. Ahmad, Nor Hayati Bt & Noor, Mohamad Akbar Noor Mohamad & Sufian, Fadzlan, 2010. "Measuring Islamic banks efficiency: the case of world Islamic banking sectors," MPRA Paper 29497, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Mohamad Noor, Mohamad Akbar Noor & Ahmad, Nor Hayati Bt & Sufian, Fadzlan, 2010. "The efficiency of Islamic banks: empirical evidence from the Asian countries’ Islamic banking sectors," MPRA Paper 31869, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Farooq, M., 2011. "Essays on financial intermediation and markets," Other publications TiSEM dc26a629-d872-498e-8b68-8, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    5. Sufian, Fadzlan & Mohamad, A.M Noor & Muhamed-Zulkhibri, Abdul Majid, 2008. "The Efficiency of Islamic Banks: Empirical Evidence from the MENA and Asian Countries Islamic Banking Sectors," MPRA Paper 19072, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Muhamad Muda & Amir Shaharuddin & Abdelhakim Embaya, 2013. "Comparative Analysis of Profitability Determinants of Domestic and Foreign Islamic Banks in Malaysia," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(3), pages 559-569.
    7. Trofimov, Ivan D. & Md. Aris, Nazaria & Ying Ying, Jovena Kho, 2018. "Determinants of Commercial Banks' Profitability in Malaysia," MPRA Paper 85598, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Islamic banks efficiency; Data envelopment analysis (DEA); Malaysia;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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