Savings, Lending Rate and Skill Improvement in Microfinance Operating through Public-Private Cooperation
In this paper, microfinance program through joint liability credit contract is explained with the help of a two-stage game when the program is operated by a non-motivated NGO with the help of a commercial bank and government. It is observed that even in the presence of public-private cooperation and back-ended subsidy provided by the government, both individual sanction as well as social sanction play an important role of security against credit for proper functioning of the program. Non-homogeneity among the group members may allow the socially powerful member to force her less powerful co-member to repay her debt with interest and enjoy a free ride by taking advantage of the joint liability. It is also proved that the non-motivated NGO, who itself plays the function of the self-help group, can offer credit to the group members at lowest possible rate of interest and arrange sufficient training for the group members for skill improvement after group formation, if, and only if, it gets sufficient financial support from the government in the initial period and if the linked commercial bank charges low lending rate to the group in credit-linkage program. This will in turn encourage each group member of the respective groups to enhance compulsory savings in each installment in both the periods, which ultimately will help her to get a higher amount of credit in each period and thus improve the consumption of the member household progressively.
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Volume (Year): IX (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Van Tassel, Eric, 1999. "Group lending under asymmetric information," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 3-25, October.
- Chowdhury, Prabal Roy, 2005.
"Group-lending: Sequential financing, lender monitoring and joint liability,"
Journal of Development Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 415-439, August.
- Prabal Roy Chowdhury, 2003. "Group-lending: Sequential financing, lender monitoring and joint liability," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers 04-10, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
- Ghatak, Maitreesh, 1999. "Group lending, local information and peer selection," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 27-50, October.
- Chowdhury, Prabal Roy, 2007. "Group-lending with sequential financing, contingent renewal and social capital," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 487-506, September.
- Prabal Roy Chowdhury, 2006. "Group-lending with sequential financing, contingent renewal and social capital," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers 06-01, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
- Roy, Jaideep & Chowdhury, Prabal Roy, 2009. "Public-private partnerships in micro-finance: Should NGO involvement be restricted?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 200-208, November.
- Roy Chowdhury, Prabal & Roy, Jaideep, 2007. "Public-private Partnerships in Micro-finance: Should NGO Involvement be Restricted?," MPRA Paper 4469, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Jaideep Roy & Prabal Roy Chowdhury, 2008. "Public-private partnerships in microfinance: Should NGO involvement be restricted?," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers 08-11, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
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