IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Changing Demographic Profile Of Romanian Rural Areas


  • Liliana GURAN-NICA

    (Faculty of Geography, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest)

  • Marioara RUSU

    (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)


In recent decades, most European countries have faced demographic phenomena, having as main characteristic birth rate decrease and ageing of population. Depending on the existing socio- economic conditions, these phenomena were different across countries: Romania was not an exception to those trends in Europe. The main objective of this paper is to highlight the key features of rural demographic structures and their evolution. Based on the proposed objective, the analysis was conducted on three levels with related questions: i) rural demographic structures and dynamics – is sustainable rural development possible in the context of continuing deterioration of human capital?; ii) spatial disparities – which are the specific demographic characteristics at different territorial levels?; iii) proposals – which are the ways for improving the rural population’s situation?. The analysis of the statistical data revealed the following characteristics: i) the rural population has been constantly decreasing, a process that started with the Revolution of 1989; ii) the rural population growth rate has had increasingly large negative values since 1992 – a process with a strong territorial footprint; iii) the rural population has experienced a strong aging process; iv) the main drivers of population decline are the negative natural increase and migration; iv) at local level, there is a process of population concentration in highly and newly urbanized areas; in parallel, there is a depopulation of the rural areas, particularly of the peripheral ones.

Suggested Citation

  • Liliana GURAN-NICA & Marioara RUSU, 2015. "The Changing Demographic Profile Of Romanian Rural Areas," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 12(1), pages 61-70.
  • Handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:12:y:2015:i:1:p:61-70

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John Caldwell, 2008. "Three Fertility Compromises and Two Transitions," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 27(4), pages 427-446, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.

      More about this item


      rural population; rural area; demographic transition; Romania.;
      All these keywords.

      JEL classification:

      • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
      • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


      Access and download statistics


      All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:12:y:2015:i:1:p:61-70. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

      For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

      If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

      If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

      If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

      For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Corina Saman (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

      Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

      IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.