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A Comparative Study of State-Led Development in Myanmar (1988–2010) and Suharto’s Indonesia: An Approach from the Developmental State Theory

  • Sai Khaing Myo Tun

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    This article explores the institutionalization of state-led development in Myanmar after 1988 in comparison with Suharto’s Indonesia. The analysis centres on the characteristics and theory of developmental states that emerged from the studies of East Asian countries like Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. In Southeast Asia, Suharto’s Indonesia was perceived as a successful case and was studied by scholars in line with the characteristics of the developmental state. The Tatmadaw (military) government in Myanmar was believed to follow the model of state-led development in Indonesia under Suharto where the military took the role of establishing economic and political development. However, Myanmar has yet to achieve its goal of building a successful state-led development. Therefore, this paper argues that implementing an efficient and effective institutionalization is essential for a successful state-led development (developmental state) in Myanmar.

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    File URL: http://hup.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jsaa/article/view/411
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    Article provided by Institute of Asian Studies, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg in its journal Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 69-94

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    Handle: RePEc:gig:soaktu:v:30:y:2011:i:1:p:69-94
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    1. Kohli, Atul, 1994. "Where do high growth political economies come from? The Japanese lineage of Korea's "developmental state"," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(9), pages 1269-1293, September.
    2. Jang-Sup SHIN, 2002. "The East Asian Industrialization in the Gerschenkronian Mirror: Catching-up Strategies and Institutional Transition," Departmental Working Papers wp0208, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
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