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Linking Energy- and Land-Use Systems: Energy Potentials and Environmental Risks of Using Agricultural Residues in Tanzania

Author

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  • Julia C. Terrapon-Pfaff

    () (Department of Geography and Geosciences, University Trier, Trier 54296, Germany
    Research Group Future Energy and Mobility Structures, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy GmbH, Döppersberg 19, Wuppertal 42103, Germany)

Abstract

This paper attempts to assess whether renewable energy self-sufficiency can be achieved in the crop production and processing sector in Tanzania and if this could be accomplished in an environmentally sustainable manner. In order to answer these questions the theoretical energy potential of process residues from commercially produced agricultural crops in Tanzania is evaluated. Furthermore, a set of sustainability indicators with focus on environmental criteria is applied to identify risks and opportunities of using these residues for energy generation. In particular, the positive and negative effects on the land-use-system (soil fertility, water use and quality, biodiversity, etc .) are evaluated. The results show that energy generation with certain agricultural process residues could not only improve and secure the energy supply but could also improve the sustainability of current land-use practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Julia C. Terrapon-Pfaff, 2012. "Linking Energy- and Land-Use Systems: Energy Potentials and Environmental Risks of Using Agricultural Residues in Tanzania," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(3), pages 1-16, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:3:p:278-293:d:16355
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hamawand, Ihsan & Sandell, Gary & Pittaway, Pam & Chakrabarty, Sayan & Yusaf, Talal & Chen, Guangnan & Seneweera, Saman & Al-Lwayzy, Saddam & Bennett, John & Hopf, Joshua, 2016. "Bioenergy from Cotton Industry Wastes: A review and potential," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 435-448.
    2. Bundhoo, Zumar M.A. & Mauthoor, Sumayya & Mohee, Romeela, 2016. "Potential of biogas production from biomass and waste materials in the Small Island Developing State of Mauritius," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 1087-1100.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    agricultural residues; process residues; energy potentials; environmental sustainability; Tanzania;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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