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Perspectives on Sustainable Resource Conservation in Community Nature Reserves: A Case Study from Senegal

Author

Listed:
  • Liliana Pacheco

    () (Instituto Jane Goodall España (IJGE), Zoo de Barcelona, Parc de la Ciutadella, s/n, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Naturelle Communautaire de Dindéfélo (RNCD), Dindéfélo, Kédougou, Senegal)

  • Sara Fraixedas

    () (Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Facultat de Ciències, Campus de Bellaterra, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Spain)

  • Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares

    () (Instituto Jane Goodall España (IJGE), Zoo de Barcelona, Parc de la Ciutadella, s/n, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Facultat de Ciències, Campus de Bellaterra, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Spain)

  • Neus Estela

    () (Instituto Jane Goodall España (IJGE), Zoo de Barcelona, Parc de la Ciutadella, s/n, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Naturelle Communautaire de Dindéfélo (RNCD), Dindéfélo, Kédougou, Senegal)

  • Robert Mominee

    () (Peace Corps Senegal, B.P. 37, Kédougou (town), Lawol Bandafassi (road to Bandafassi), Senegal)

  • Ferran Guallar

    () (Instituto Jane Goodall España (IJGE), Zoo de Barcelona, Parc de la Ciutadella, s/n, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Naturelle Communautaire de Dindéfélo (RNCD), Dindéfélo, Kédougou, Senegal)

Abstract

The coalescing of development and conservation has recently given rise to community-based conservation. Under this framework, sustainable livelihood strategies are incorporated into conservation goals on the basis that the integration of local priorities into management guidelines benefits rather than impedes conservation efforts. Consistent with this approach, the Community Nature Reserve of Dindéfélo in Kédougou, Senegal endeavors to protect biodiversity without jeopardizing local people’s reliance on natural resources. In this article we provide evidence that sustainable resource conservation is a very powerful mechanism in redirecting labor and capital away from ecosystem-degrading activities. To do this, we present three examples of projects, aiming to illustrate different ways in which local people’s management and sustainable use of natural resources can be beneficial in terms of biodiversity conservation, socioeconomic development, and human well-being.

Suggested Citation

  • Liliana Pacheco & Sara Fraixedas & Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares & Neus Estela & Robert Mominee & Ferran Guallar, 2012. "Perspectives on Sustainable Resource Conservation in Community Nature Reserves: A Case Study from Senegal," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(11), pages 1-22, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:11:p:3158-3179:d:21514
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Engel, Stefanie & Pagiola, Stefano & Wunder, Sven, 2008. "Designing payments for environmental services in theory and practice: An overview of the issues," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(4), pages 663-674, May.
    2. Ayuk, Elias T., 1997. "Adoption of agroforestry technology: The case of live hedges in the central plateau of Burkina Faso," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 189-206, June.
    3. Fisher, Brendan & Christopher, Treg, 2007. "Poverty and biodiversity: Measuring the overlap of human poverty and the biodiversity hotspots," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 93-101, April.
    4. Cranford, Matthew & Mourato, Susana, 2011. "Community conservation and a two-stage approach to payments for ecosystem services," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 89-98.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Wenjing Ma & Gang Feng & Qing Zhang, 2016. "Status of Nature Reserves in Inner Mongolia, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-10, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainable development; conservation strategies; community conservation; nature reserve; Senegal;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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