IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/gam/jsusta/v4y2012i10p2673-2706d20746.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Importance of Considering Product Loss Rates in Life Cycle Assessment: The Example of Closure Systems for Bottled Wine

Author

Listed:
  • Anna Kounina

    () (Quantis, Parc Scientifique EPFL, Bâtiment D, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland)

  • Elisa Tatti

    () (Quantis, Parc Scientifique EPFL, Bâtiment D, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland)

  • Sebastien Humbert

    () (Quantis, Parc Scientifique EPFL, Bâtiment D, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland)

  • Richard Pfister

    () (Praxis Energia, rue Verte, 1261 Le Vaud, Switzerland)

  • Amanda Pike

    () (Division of Analytical Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Uppsala University, Uppsala 75189, Sweden
    Quantis, 283 Franklin St. Floor 2, Boston, MA 02110, USA)

  • Jean-François Ménard

    () (Quantis, 395 rue Laurier Ouest, Montréal, Québec, H2V 2K3, Canada)

  • Yves Loerincik

    () (Quantis, Parc Scientifique EPFL, Bâtiment D, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland)

  • Olivier Jolliet

    () (Quantis, Parc Scientifique EPFL, Bâtiment D, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland)

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this study is to discuss the implications of product loss rates in terms of the environmental performance of bottled wine. Wine loss refers to loss occurring when the consumer does not consume the wine contained in the bottle and disposes of it because of taste alteration, which is caused by inadequate product protection rendering the wine unpalatable to a knowledgeable consumer. The decision of whether or not to drink the wine in such cases is guided by subjective consumer taste perception and wine quality expectation (drinking the bottle or disposing of the wine down the drain and replacing it with a new bottle). This study aims to illustrate the importance of accurately defining system boundaries related to wine packaging systems. Methods: The environmental impacts resulting from wine loss rates as related to two types of wine bottle closures—natural cork stoppers and screw caps—have been estimated based on literature review data and compared to the impact of the respective closure system. The system studied relates to the functional unit “a 750 mL bottle of drinkable wine” and includes bottled wine, bottle and closure production, wine production, wine loss and wine poured down the drain. Results: The range of wine alteration rates due to corked wine is estimated to be 2–5% based on interviews with wine experts. Consumer behavior was assessed through a sensitivity study on replacement rates. When the increase in loss rate with the cork stopper is higher than 1.2% (corresponding to 3.5% corked wine multiplied by a consumer replacement rate of 35%), the influence of losses on the impact results is higher than that of the closure material itself. The different closures and associated wine losses represent less than 5% of the total life cycle impact of bottled wine.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna Kounina & Elisa Tatti & Sebastien Humbert & Richard Pfister & Amanda Pike & Jean-François Ménard & Yves Loerincik & Olivier Jolliet, 2012. "The Importance of Considering Product Loss Rates in Life Cycle Assessment: The Example of Closure Systems for Bottled Wine," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(10), pages 1-34, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:10:p:2673-2706:d:20746
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/4/10/2673/pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/4/10/2673/
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:2:p:395-:d:130036 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    life cycle assessment; losses; wine; closure; packaging; cork stopper; screw cap; system boundaries;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:10:p:2673-2706:d:20746. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (XML Conversion Team). General contact details of provider: http://www.mdpi.com/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.