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Energy Recovery from Sludge and Sustainable Development: A Tanzanian Case Study

Author

Listed:
  • Vincenzo Torretta

    () (Department of Science and High Technology, Insubria University, Via G.B. Vico 46, 21100 Varese, Italy)

  • Fabio Conti

    () (Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, Insubria University, Via Dunant 3, 21100 Varese, Italy)

  • Matteo Leonardi

    () (Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, Insubria University, Via Dunant 3, 21100 Varese, Italy)

  • Gianluca Ruggieri

    () (Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, Insubria University, Via Dunant 3, 21100 Varese, Italy)

Abstract

The paper retraces the implementation of a biogas energy programme within the Best Ray project run in Tanzania 2008–2011. The objective of the Best Ray project was to empower rural communities by providing them with modern and renewable energy technologies to better tackle Millennium Development Goals. An important activity of the project was the construction of a biogas system in secondary school solve a sanitation problem and provide the school with a free and reliable energy supply. After a field assessment, the project directed the resources to small domestic biogas installation rather than large institutional ones as future sustainability seemed to be better granted. Best Ray merged the Tanzanian Domestic Biogas Programme. Trainings were organized and 25 biogas plants constructed. The technology is simple and the design effective, but still the cost seems high for a rural context. Final beneficiaries are appreciating the technologies for reasons that were not predictable by those who ideated the project.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincenzo Torretta & Fabio Conti & Matteo Leonardi & Gianluca Ruggieri, 2012. "Energy Recovery from Sludge and Sustainable Development: A Tanzanian Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(10), pages 1-12, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:10:p:2661-2672:d:20699
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Abu Shiraz Rahaman & Jeff Everett & Dean Neu, 2007. "Accounting and the move to privatize water services in Africa," Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 20(5), pages 637-670, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rupf, Gloria V. & Bahri, Parisa A. & de Boer, Karne & McHenry, Mark P., 2015. "Barriers and opportunities of biogas dissemination in Sub-Saharan Africa and lessons learned from Rwanda, Tanzania, China, India, and Nepal," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 468-476.
    2. Marco Ragazzi & Riccardo Catellani & Elena Cristina Rada & Vincenzo Torretta & Xavier Salazar-Valenzuela, 2014. "Management of Municipal Solid Waste in One of the Galapagos Islands," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(12), pages 1-16, December.
    3. Francesca Nardin & Fabrizio Mazzetto, 2014. "Mapping of Biomass Fluxes: A Method for Optimizing Biogas-Refinery of Livestock Effluents," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(9), pages 1-21, September.
    4. Vincenzo Torretta, 2014. "The Sustainable Use of Water Resources: A Technical Support for Planning. A Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(11), pages 1-21, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    appropriate technology; biogas; energy supply; sustainability; waste management;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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