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Sustainable Cultural Heritage Planning and Management of Overtourism in Art Cities: Lessons from Atlas World Heritage

Author

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  • Giuseppe De Luca

    (Department of Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning Section, University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy)

  • Ahmadreza Shirvani Dastgerdi

    (Department of Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning Section, University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy)

  • Carlo Francini

    (Florence World Heritage and UNESCO Relationship Office at the Municipality of Florence, 50123 Florence, Italy)

  • Giovanni Liberatore

    (Department of Economics and Business Sciences, University of Florence, 50127 Florence, Italy)

Abstract

In recent years, there has been an increase in international tourist arrivals worldwide. In this respect, Art Cities are among the most favorable tourist destinations, as they exhibit masterpieces of art and architecture in a cultural environment. However, the so-called phenomenon of overtourism has emerged as a significant threat to the residents’ quality of life, and, consequently, the sustainability of Art Cites. This research aims to develop a management toolkit that assists site managers to control tourism flows in Art Cities and World Heritage Sites and promotes the residents’ quality of life. The research methodology was developed within the framework of the Atlas Project in 2019. In this project, five European Art Cities, including Florence, Edinburgh, Bordeaux, Porto, and Santiago de Compostela, discussed their common management challenges through the shared learning method. After developing selection criteria, the Atlas’ partners suggested a total of nine strategies as best practices for managing overtourism in Art Cities in multiple sections of accommodation policies, monitoring tactics, and promotional offerings. The Atlas project was conducted before the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus pandemic. Based on the current data, it is somehow uncertain when and how tourism activities will return to normal. The analysis of the Atlas findings also highlights some neglected dimensions in the current strategies in terms of environmental concerns, climate change impacts, crisis management, and cultural development plans, which require further research to boost the heritage planning process.

Suggested Citation

  • Giuseppe De Luca & Ahmadreza Shirvani Dastgerdi & Carlo Francini & Giovanni Liberatore, 2020. "Sustainable Cultural Heritage Planning and Management of Overtourism in Art Cities: Lessons from Atlas World Heritage," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(9), pages 1-11, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:9:p:3929-:d:356557
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Norbert Sipos & Norbert Pap & Tibor Gonda & Ákos Jarjabka, 2021. "Feasibility and Sustainability Challenges of the Süleyman’s Türbe Cultural-Tourism Centre Project in Szigetvár, Hungary," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(10), pages 1-20, May.
    3. Sang-Jun Park & Kyung-Tae Lee & Jin-Bin Im & Ju-Hyung Kim, 2022. "The Need for Smart Architecture Caused by the Impact of COVID-19 upon Architecture and City: A Systematic Literature Review," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(13), pages 1-20, June.
    4. Nadeem Akhtar & Nohman Khan & Muhammad Mahroof Khan & Shagufta Ashraf & Muhammad Saim Hashmi & Muhammad Muddassar Khan & Sanil S. Hishan, 2021. "Post-COVID 19 Tourism: Will Digital Tourism Replace Mass Tourism?," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(10), pages 1-18, May.
    5. Francesca Di Turo & Laura Medeghini, 2021. "How Green Possibilities Can Help in a Future Sustainable Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Europe," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(7), pages 1-14, March.
    6. Antonio Alvarez-Sousa & Jose Luis Paniza Prados, 2020. "Visitor Management in World Heritage Destinations before and after Covid-19, Angkor," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(23), pages 1-45, November.
    7. Francesca De Canio & Elisa Martinelli & Margherita Peruzzini & Sara Cavallaro, 2022. "Experiencing a Food Production Site Using Wearable Devices: The Indirect Impact of Immersion and Presence in VR Tours," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(5), pages 1-17, March.
    8. Manuel de la Calle-Vaquero & María García-Hernández & Sofía Mendoza de Miguel, 2020. "Urban Planning Regulations for Tourism in the Context of Overtourism. Applications in Historic Centres," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(1), pages 1-22, December.
    9. Richard Stoffle & Octavius Seowtewa & Cameron Kays & Kathleen Van Vlack, 2020. "Sustainable Heritage Tourism: Native American Preservation Recommendations at Arches, Canyonlands, and Hovenweep National Parks," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(23), pages 1-34, November.
    10. Sophia Arbara & Roberto D’Autilia, 2021. "A Population Game Model for the Expansion of Airbnb in the City of Venice," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(7), pages 1-15, March.
    11. Stefano Della Torre & Mehrnaz Rajabi, 2022. "The Restoration of St. James’s Church in Como and the Cathedral Museum as Agents for Sustainable Urban Planning Strategies," Land, MDPI, vol. 11(3), pages 1-15, March.

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