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Conservation Benefits of Tropical Multifunctional Land-Uses in and Around a Forest Protected Area of Bangladesh

Author

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  • Sharif A. Mukul

    () (Tropical Forestry Group, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia
    Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore QLD 4558, Australia
    Centre for Research on Land-use Sustainability, Noakhali 3800, Bangladesh)

  • Narayan Saha

    () (Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, School of Agriculture and Mineral Sciences, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet 3114, Bangladesh)

Abstract

Competing interests in land for agriculture and commodity production in tropical human-dominated landscapes make forests and biodiversity conservation particularly challenging. Establishment of protected areas in this regard is not functioning as expected due to exclusive ecological focus and poor recognition of local people’s traditional forest use and dependence. In recent years, multifunctional land-use systems such as agroforestry have widely been promoted as an efficient land-use in such circumstances, although their conservation effectiveness remains poorly investigated. We undertake a rapid biodiversity survey to understand the conservation value of four contrasting forms of local land-use, namely: betel leaf ( Piper betle ) agroforestry; lemon ( Citrus limon ) agroforestry; pineapple ( Ananas comosus ) agroforestry; and, shifting cultivation–fallow managed largely by the indigenous communities in and around a highly diverse forest protected area of Bangladesh. We measure the alpha and beta diversity of plants, birds, and mammals in these multifunctional land-uses, as well as in the old-growth secondary forest in the area. Our study finds local land-use critical in conserving biodiversity in the area, with comparable biodiversity benefits as those of the old-growth secondary forest. In Bangladesh, where population pressure and rural people’s dependence on forests are common, multifunctional land-uses in areas of high conservation priority could potentially be used to bridge the gap between conservation and commodity production, ensuring that the ecological integrity of such landscapes will be altered as little as possible.

Suggested Citation

  • Sharif A. Mukul & Narayan Saha, 2017. "Conservation Benefits of Tropical Multifunctional Land-Uses in and Around a Forest Protected Area of Bangladesh," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(1), pages 1-12, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jlands:v:6:y:2017:i:1:p:2-:d:86718
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Niaz Ahmed Khan & Sudibya Kanti Khisa, 2000. "Sustainable land management with rubber-based agroforestry: a Bangladeshi example of uplands community development," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(1), pages 1-10.
    2. repec:eee:enscpo:v:55:y:2016:i:p1:p:167-177 is not listed on IDEAS
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    1. repec:gam:jlands:v:6:y:2017:i:2:p:41-:d:101519 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    biodiversity conservation; agroforestry; traditional land-use; land-sparing; land-sharing; wildlife;

    JEL classification:

    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R52 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Land Use and Other Regulations

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