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The transition to consumption taxation, part 1: the impact on existing capital

Listed author(s):
  • Alan D. Viard

Alan Viard reviews the transitional impact on existing capital from replacing the income tax with a consumption tax. This replacement generally reduces the real value of existing capital because it does not receive the tax relief given to new investment. If the income and consumption taxes had stylized forms and capital were produced without adjustment costs, the proportional decline would equal the consumption tax rate--a 25 percent tax would uniformly reduce the value of existing capital by 25 percent. Under more realistic assumptions, however, the actual decline is likely to be smaller and less uniform and some types of capital may even increase in value. The burden on owners of existing capital is also mitigated because the tax reform increases the rate of return they earn from reinvestment.

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File URL: http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/efr/2000/efr0003a.pdf
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Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas in its journal Economic and Financial Policy Review.

Volume (Year): (2000)
Issue (Month): Q3 ()
Pages: 2-22

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedder:y:2000:i:q3:p:2-22
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  1. William M. Gentry & R. Glenn Hubbard, 1997. "Distributional Implications of Introducing a Broad-Based Consumption Tax," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 11, pages 1-48 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Alan J. Auerbach & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1982. "Investment versus Savings Incentives: The Size of the Bang for the Buck and the Potential for Self-Financing Business Tax Cuts," NBER Working Papers 1027, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Koenig, Evan F., 1999. "Achieving "Program Neutrality" Under a National Retail Sales Tax," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 52(4), pages 683-698, December.
  4. Ventura, Gustavo, 1999. "Flat tax reform: A quantitative exploration," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(9-10), pages 1425-1458, September.
  5. Andrew B. Abel & N. Gregory Mankiw & Lawrence H. Summers & Richard J. Zeckhauser, 1989. "Assessing Dynamic Efficiency: Theory and Evidence," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(1), pages 1-19.
  6. Hans-Werner Sinn, 1991. "Taxation and the Cost of Capital: The "Old" View, the "New" View, and Another View," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 5, pages 25-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Mervyn A. King, 1974. "Taxation and the Cost of Capital," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(1), pages 21-35.
  8. David Bradford, "undated". "Consumption Taxes: Some Fundamental Transition Issues," EPRU Working Paper Series 95-15, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  9. Paul A. Samuelson, 1964. "Tax Deductibility of Economic Depreciation to Insure Invariant Valuations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 604-604.
  10. Zodrow, George R., 1991. "On the 'Traditional' and 'New' Views of Dividend Taxation," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 44(4), pages 497-509, December.
  11. Daniel R. Feenberg & Andrew W. Mitrusi & James M. Poterba, 1997. "Distributional Effects of Adopting a National Retail Sales Tax," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 11, pages 49-90 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Gale, William G., 1999. "The Required Tax Rate in a National Retail Sales Tax," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 52(n. 3), pages 443-58, September.
  13. Auerbach, Alan J. & Hassett, Kevin A., 2003. "On the marginal source of investment funds," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 205-232, January.
  14. Lyon, Andrew B, 1990. "Invariant Valuation When Tax Rates Change over Time: Confirmations and Contradictions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(2), pages 433-437, April.
  15. Evan F. Koenig & Gregory W. Huffman, 1998. "The dynamic impact of fundamental tax reform part 1: the basic model," Economic and Financial Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Q 1, pages 24-37.
  16. Zodrow, George R., 1991. "On the 'Traditional' and 'New' Views of Dividend Taxation," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 44(4), pages 497-509, December.
  17. Gregory W. Huffman & Evan F. Koenig, 1998. "The dynamic impact of fundamental tax reform part 2 : extensions," Economic and Financial Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Q II, pages 1-1.
  18. Kenneth A. Lewis & Laurence S. Seidman, 2000. "Transitional Protection During Conversion to a Personal Consumption Tax," Public Finance Review, , vol. 28(2), pages 99-119, March.
  19. Koenig, Evan F., 1999. "Achieving "Program Neutrality" Under a National Retail Sales Tax," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 52(n. 4), pages 683-98, December.
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