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Aziende distrettuali e non distrettuali a confronto: le performance nel settore orafo italiano

Listed author(s):
  • Valentina De Marchi
  • Riccardo Voltani

Il presente contributo si inserisce nel filone di ricerca che studia le trasformazioni in atto nei distretti industriali e in particolare si pone l’obiettivo di verificare se le aziende che vi si localizzino godano (ancora) di vantaggi differenziali o meno. Per rispondere a questa domanda ci si focalizza su uno dei principali comparti del manifatturiero-moda del Made in Italy, il settore orafo-argentiero, caratterizzato da una configurazione prettamente distrettuale. I tre distretti orafi attivi in Italia - il distretto di Arezzo, Valenza Po e Vicenza - rappresentano da soli quasi tre quarti dell’export nazionale. Riconosciuti a livello internazionale, tali distretti sono entrati ora in una profonda crisi: l’attuale recessione, ha contribuito ad aggravare la sofferenza di un sistema produttivo già in crisi per diverse motivazioni, prima fra tutte la globalizzazione. In tale contesto, si sono studiate le recenti dinamiche dei vari distretti del settore, utilizzando dati relativi alle performance economico-finanziare delle aziende, confrontando le aree distrettuali con quelle non-distrettuali specializzate negli stessi settori. Il confronto suggerisce che il vantaggio competitivo del quale godevano in passato le imprese localizzate all’interno di un distretto, rispetto a quelle non facenti parte di tali organizzazioni produttive, si è fortemente ridotto, tanto che non sembra più possibile parlare dell’esistenza di un vantaggio differenziale.

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Article provided by FrancoAngeli Editore in its journal ECONOMIA E SOCIETÀ REGIONALE.

Volume (Year): 2014/1 (2014)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 163-186

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Handle: RePEc:fan:eseses:v:html10.3280/es2014-001014
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Roberta Rabellotti & Anna Carabelli & Giovanna Hirsch, 2007. "Italian Industrial Districts on the Move: Where Are They Going?," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(1), pages 19-41, July.
  2. Gaggio, Dario, 2006. "Pyramids of Trust: Social Embeddedness and Political Culture in Two Italian Gold Jewelry Districts," Enterprise & Society, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(01), pages 19-58, March.
  3. Valentina De Marchi & Joonkoo Lee & Gary Gereffi, 2014. "Globalization, Recession and the Internationalization of Industrial Districts: Experiences from the Italian Gold Jewellery Industry," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(4), pages 866-884, April.
  4. Elio Iannuzzi & Massimiliano Berardi, 2012. "Italian industrial districts: crisis or evolution?," World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(1), pages 23-36.
  5. Marina Murat & Sergio Paba, 2005. "I distretti industriali tra immigrazione e internazionalizzazione produttiva," Department of Economics 0517, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
  6. Paolo Ramazzotti, 2010. "Industrial districts, social cohesion and economic decline in Italy," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(6), pages 955-974.
  7. Dario Gaggio, 2007. "Introduction to In Gold We Trust: Social Capital and Economic Change in the Italian Jewelry Towns," Introductory Chapters,in: In Gold We Trust: Social Capital and Economic Change in the Italian Jewelry Towns Princeton University Press.
  8. Maria Chiarvesio & Eleonora Di Maria & Stefano Micelli, 2008. "Global Value Chains and Open Networks: The Case of Italian Industrial Districts," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(3), pages 333-350, December.
  9. Massimo Carraro & Roberto Grandinetti & Romano Cappellari, 2007. "Morellato: una nuova strategia nel settore del gioiello," MERCATI E COMPETITIVITÀ, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2007(2), pages 85-98.
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