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Globalization and Inequality in Different Economic Blocks

Author

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  • Seyed Komail Tayebi

    () (Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of Isfahan, Iran)

  • Sepideh Ohadi Esfahani

    (M. A. in Economics, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch)

Abstract

Now many scholars debate the different impacts of globalization on the economic behaviors of all nations, that globalization reduces or increases poverty, raises or drops wages and labor standards in societies and so on. Accordingly, we make in particular a question whether globalization affects income inequality in countries worldwide. The objective of this paper is thus to evaluate the effect of globalization on inequality among nations. We specify a panel income distribution regression model using cross-sectional data of the selected countries (including Iran) and relevant time series over 1985-2004. Several specified for globalization have significant and different effects on income distribution of countries with different levels of income. In our augmented model specification, we also evaluate an interacted effect of a block implementation (e.g. emerging market economies, high income, middle income and low income countries) with globalization on inequality. The results confirm this effect significantly on income inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Seyed Komail Tayebi & Sepideh Ohadi Esfahani, 2009. "Globalization and Inequality in Different Economic Blocks," Iranian Economic Review, Economics faculty of Tehran university, vol. 14(2), pages 135-151, fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:eut:journl:v:14:y:2009:i:2:p:135
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James K. Galbraith & Hyunsub Kum, 2003. "Inequality and Economic Growth: A Global View Based on Measures of Pay," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 49(4), pages 527-556.
    2. François Bourguignon & Christian Morrisson, 2002. "Inequality Among World Citizens: 1820-1992," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(4), pages 727-744, September.
    3. Paolo Figini & Holger Görg, 1999. "Multinational companies and wage inequality in the host country: The case of Ireland," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 135(4), pages 594-612, December.
    4. Feenstra, Robert C. & Hanson, Gordon H., 1997. "Foreign direct investment and relative wages: Evidence from Mexico's maquiladoras," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3-4), pages 371-393, May.
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