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Disadvantaged? Informal Female Entrepreneurs Operating “Tienditas” in Nicaragua

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  • Michael J. Pisani

    () (Professor of International Business at Central Michigan University. Michigan 48859 USA.)

Abstract

I explore the business and (household) income outcomes of base of the pyramid (BoP) in-home convenience store entrepreneurs through a census-like business survey in Nicaragua. Throughout Latin America and in Nicaragua, tienditas are typically operated by female entrepreneurs in an informal regulatory environment out of the home and at the periphery of developing economies. Some authors have characterized this sector as disadvantaged because of its inherent reliance on female ownership, on a home-based location, and on operating within an informal context (Nichter and Goldmark, 2009). Others have argued that such enterprises may serve as a link toward poverty reduction at the BoP (Pisani and Yoskowitz, 2012). Utilizing a 2012 cross-sectional and nationally representative business focused survey, 400 Nicaraguan tenderas are examined. Findings indicate heterogeneity exists across the tiendita retail sector; where failing, ailing, stable and healthy tienditas are segmented, analyzed, and discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael J. Pisani, 2016. "Disadvantaged? Informal Female Entrepreneurs Operating “Tienditas” in Nicaragua," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 195-223, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxv:y:2016:i:2:p:195-223
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    File URL: http://www.economia.uanl.mx/revistaensayos/xxxv/2/4_Disadvantaged_Pisani.pdf
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    1. repec:wsi:jdexxx:v:20:y:2015:i:01:n:s108494671550003x is not listed on IDEAS
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    Keywords

    Informality; Female Entrepreneurship; Tienditas; Nicaragua;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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