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Creating insurance markets for natural disaster risk in lower income countries: the potential role for securitization

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  • Jerry R. Skees
  • Barry J. Barnett
  • Anne G. Murphy

Abstract

This article considers the potential for securitizing index-based insurance products that transfer weather and natural disaster risks from lower income countries. It begins with a brief overview explaining why markets for natural disaster risks are important, yet often missing, in lower income countries and a review of some recent activities using index-based weather insurance. Next, we describe how natural disaster risks are handled in higher income countries. These examples, along with the example of an innovative index-based livestock insurance pilot project in Mongolia, illustrate how layers, or tranches, of natural disaster risk can be financed during the product development phase by creating structures similar to the Special Purpose Vehicles used in catastrophe bond, mortgage bond, and the emerging microfinance bond markets. We refer to these investment alternatives as micro-CAT bonds since the principle amounts would be small relative to the existing CAT bond market.

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  • Jerry R. Skees & Barry J. Barnett & Anne G. Murphy, 2008. "Creating insurance markets for natural disaster risk in lower income countries: the potential role for securitization," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 68(1), pages 151-167, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:afrpps:v:68:y:2008:i:1:p:151-167
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    2. Wenzel, Lars & Wolf, André, 2013. "Protection against major catastrophes: An economic perspective," HWWI Research Papers 137, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    3. Mirović, Vera & Bolesnikov, Dragana, 2013. "Application Of Asset Securitization In Financing Agriculture In Serbia," Economics of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 60(3), pages 1-14, October.
    4. Sommarat Chantarat & Krirk Pannangpetch & Nattapong Puttanapong & Preesan Rakwatin & Thanasin Tanompongphandh, 2015. "Index-Based Risk Financing and Development of Natural Disaster Insurance Programs in Developing Asian Countries," Risk, Governance and Society, in: Daniel P. Aldrich & Sothea Oum & Yasuyuki Sawada (ed.), Resilience and Recovery in Asian Disasters, edition 127, chapter 0, pages 171-200, Springer.
    5. Zhiwei Shen & Martin Odening, 2013. "Coping with systemic risk in index-based crop insurance," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 44(1), pages 1-13, January.
    6. Sommarat Chantarat, 2015. "Index-based Risk Financing and Development of Natural Disaster Insurance Programs in Developing Countries," PIER Discussion Papers 10., Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research, revised Nov 2015.
    7. Zhang, Jing & Brown, Colin & Waldron, Scott, 2017. "Case study analysis on household attitudes towards weather index crop insurance in rural China," 2017 Conference (61st), February 7-10, 2017, Brisbane, Australia 258683, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    8. Xu, Wei & Odening, Martin & Musshoff, Oliver, 2008. "Optimal Design of Weather Bonds," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6781, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    9. Sommarat Chantarat, 2015. "Index-based Risk Financing and Development of Natural Disaster Insurance Programs in Developing Countries," PIER Discussion Papers 10, Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research.
    10. Ghahremanzadeh, Mohammad & Mohammadrezaei, Rassul & Dashti, Ghader & Ainollahi, Moharram, 2018. "Designing a whole-farm revenue insurance for agricultural crops in Zanjan province of Iran," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 17(02), January.

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