IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Correspondencia de economía política y decisiones de educación en las familias después de la descentralización

  • Rodríguez, Catherine

    (Facultad de Economía, Universidad de los Andes)

This paper evaluates the effects that the decentralization reforms implemented in Colombia during the early nineties had on the quality of public schools. Through panel data techniques at the school level we find that, in the Colombian context, political economy trade-offs such as low ability of local governments, unfunded mandates or local capture are not important factors in the determination of decentralization results. Conversely, accounting for the changes in households’ drop-out decisions can significantly alter the interpretation of such results implying the importance for future impact policy evaluation to directly take them into account. Specifically, allowing for households’ schooling decisions to change, we find that the total effect of the reforms decreased the quality of public schooling. However, controlling for the significant changes in the drop-out rate of public school students that took place after the reforms were undertaken, we find that the quality of public schools actually improved.// Este artículo evalúa los efectos que las reformas de descentralización aplicadas en Colombia a principios del decenio de los noventa del siglo XX tuvieron en la calidad de las escuelas públicas. Mediante técnicas de datos de panel escolares descubrimos que, en el contexto colombiano, las relaciones de correspondencia (trade-off) de economía política, como la poca capacidad de los gobiernos locales, los mandatos no financiados o la captación local, no son factores importantes en la determinación de los resultados de descentralización. Por otra parte, considerar los cambios en las decisiones de las familias de abandonar los estudios puede alterar significativamente la interpretación de dichos resultados, lo que sugiere la importancia de tomar directamente en cuenta estos cambios en la evaluación del efecto a futuro de las políticas. Específicamente, al permitir que las decisiones de educación de las familias cambien, descubrimos que el efecto total de las reformas disminuyó la calidad de la educación pública. Sin embargo, al controlar por los cambios significativos en la disminución de la tasa de deserción escolar entre alumnos de escuelas públicas que se presentó después de emprenderse las reformas, encontramos que, en realidad, la calidad de las escuelas públicas mejoró.

To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXVII (4) (2010)
Issue (Month): 308 (octubre-diciembre)
Pages: 977-1006

in new window

Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:77:y:2010:i:308:p:977-1006
Contact details of provider: Web page:

Order Information: Postal: Order print issues directly in our web page or with Guadalupe Galicia at Fondo de Cultura Económica, El Trimestre Económico, Carretera Picacho Ajusco 227, 6° piso,Col. Bosques del Pedregal, CP 14738, Tlalpan, Distrito Federal, México
Web: Email:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:77:y:2010:i:308:p:977-1006. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rosa María González Mejía)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.