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Diferenciales y discriminación de salarios contra la etnia mapuche en Chile

Listed author(s):
  • Zurita Zapata, Grethel

    (Universidad de Concepción)

  • Dresdner Cid, Jorge

    (Universidad de Concepción)

This paper analyzes the wage gap between non-indigenous peoples and Mapuches in Chile. This gap is broken down into endowment and discriminatory components. Participation and wage equations are estimated by gender and ethnic group and the results are controlled for sample selection bias. The results show significant differences in endowments that favor the non-indigenous peoples, both male and female. The hypothesis of discrimination against Mapuches cannot be rejected for males, but it can for females. However, male discrimination did not increase between 2000 and 2006. The results suggest that a policy directed at reducing wage differences by increasing human capital among the Mapuches might have ambiguous effects and that the labor market generates incentives for the Mapuches to migrate to the cities.// Se analiza el diferencial de salarios entre la población no indígena y mapuche en Chile. Se descompone dicho diferencial en un componente de dotaciones de características y un componente “discriminatorio”. Se estima ecuaciones de participación y salarios separadas por grupo étnico y género, y se controla por sesgo de selección muestral. Los resultados indican que existen diferencias significativas en las dotaciones de capital humano en favor de los no indígenas, tanto para hombres como para mujeres. No se rechaza la hipótesis de discriminación salarial contra los mapuches varones, pero sí para las mujeres. La evidencia indica que la discriminación contra los hombres mapuche no aumentó en el periodo 2000-2006. Los resultados sugieren que una política de fomento del capital humano de los mapuches, para reducir diferenciales de ingreso, puede tener resultados ambiguos, y que el mercado laboral ofrece incentivos para la emigración de los mapuches a la ciudad.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXVI (4) (2009)
Issue (Month): 304 (octubre-diciembre)
Pages: 965-989

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:76:y:2009:i:304:p:965-989
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