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Nonstandard Work and Child Care Choices of Married Mothers

Author

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  • Jean Kimmel

    () (Western Michigan University
    IZA Bonn)

  • Lisa M. Powell

    (University of Illinois at Chicago)

Abstract

The focus of this paper is to examine the interplay between nonstandard employment (i.e., shift work) and child care choice decisions of married mothers with young children. We contribute to the child care choice literature by examining the impact of nonstandard work on the child care choice decisions of mothers taking into account the likely endogeneity of nonstandard work. Also, we examine the extent to which child care prices simultaneously affect work status (no work versus standard work versus nonstandard work) and child care choices. We draw on the 1992/93 Survey of Income and Program Participation to estimate two distinct econometric models of child care choice. Controlling for the potential endogeneity of the nonstandard work decision, we find that being a nonstandard worker significantly reduces the likelihood of using formal modes of child care such as center and sitter care. In our second model, where we jointly estimate the work status and child care choice decisions of mothers, we find that the standard versus nonstandard work decision is more responsive to the price of child care. Finally, we conclude the paper by discussing potential policy solutions to improve the child care options for mothers with young children working in nonstandard jobs.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Kimmel & Lisa M. Powell, 2006. "Nonstandard Work and Child Care Choices of Married Mothers," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 397-419, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:32:y:2006:i:3:p:397-419
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    File URL: http://web.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume32/V32N2P397_419.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Thoresen, Thor O. & Vattø, Trine E., 2019. "An up-to-date joint labor supply and child care choice model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 51-73.
    2. Rachel Connelly & Jean Kimmel, 2009. "Spousal influences on parents’ non-market time choices," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 7(4), pages 361-394, December.
    3. Mandal, Bidisha & Powell, Lisa M., 2014. "Child care choices, food intake, and children's obesity status in the United States," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 14(C), pages 50-61.

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