The theory of international business pre-Hymer
This paper examines the theory of international business before 1960 when Stephen Hymer wrote his seminal thesis. It is shown that there existed a considerable amount of theory, but this was uncodified, unsystematic, fragmented and not institutionalised in a single academic discipline. Hymer achieved his insights in a parsimonious fashion, but this has resulted in some interesting and relevant theory being subsequently ignored. It is of considerable benefit to international business theorising to revisit this earlier theory and to recognise its insights.
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Volume (Year): 46 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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- Sanchez-Peinado, Esther & Pla-Barber, Jose, 2006. "A multidimensional concept of uncertainty and its influence on the entry mode choice: An empirical analysis in the service sector," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 215-232, June.
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- H. W. Arndt, 1957. "Overseas Borrowing—The New Model," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 33(65), pages 247-261, 08.
- Ma, Xufei & Delios, Andrew, 2007. "A new tale of two cities: Japanese FDIs in Shanghai and Beijing, 1979-2003," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 207-228, April.
- Buckley, Peter J., 2006. "Stephen Hymer: Three phases, one approach?," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 140-147, April.
- Teece, David J., 2006. "Reflections on the Hymer thesis and the multinational enterprise," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 124-139, April.
- Peter J Buckley & Pervez N Ghauri, 2004. "Globalisation, economic geography and the strategy of multinational enterprises," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 35(3), pages 255-255, May.
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